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Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 74, Issue 1, pp 69–83 | Cite as

Food additives, contaminants and other minor components: effects on human gut microbiota—a review

  • Paula Roca-Saavedra
  • Veronica Mendez-Vilabrille
  • Jose Manuel Miranda
  • Carolina Nebot
  • Alejandra Cardelle-Cobas
  • Carlos M. Franco
  • Alberto Cepeda
Review Article

Abstract

Gut bacteria play an important role in several metabolic processes and human diseases, such as obesity and accompanying co-morbidities, such as fatty liver disease, insulin resistance/diabetes, and cardiovascular events. Among other factors, dietary patterns, probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, antibiotics, and non-dietary factors, such as stress, age, exercise, and climatic conditions, can dramatically impact the human gut microbiota equilibrium and diversity. However, the effect of minor food constituents, including food additives and trace contaminants, on human gut microbiota has received less attention. Consequently, the present review aimed to provide an objective perspective of the current knowledge regarding the impacts of minor food constituents on human gut microbiota and consequently, on human health.

Keywords

Antibiotics Bacteroidetes Dietary emulsifier Firmicutes Food additive Gut microbiota Non-nutritive sweetener Proteobacteria 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors want to thank the European Regional Development Funds (FEDER), grant GRC 2014/004 for covering the costs.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© University of Navarra 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paula Roca-Saavedra
    • 1
  • Veronica Mendez-Vilabrille
    • 1
  • Jose Manuel Miranda
    • 1
  • Carolina Nebot
    • 1
  • Alejandra Cardelle-Cobas
    • 1
  • Carlos M. Franco
    • 1
  • Alberto Cepeda
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Higiene Inspección y Control de Alimentos. Dpto. de Química Analítica, Nutrición y BromatologíaUniversidade de Santiago de CompostelaLugoSpain

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