Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genome of Rusa unicolor hainana (Artiodactyla: Cervidae)

Technical Note


Rusa unicolor, including seven subspecies, has been listed as a vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. The mitochondrial genome has proven to be a highly successful resource for investigation of evolution and population genetics. In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome of Rusa unicolor hainana was sequenced and analyzed. The circle genome was found to be 16,436 bp in length, containing 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, two ribosomal RNA genes, and one noncoding control region. Additionally, maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference trees were conducted based on the 13 PCGs of species within the Cervinae subfamily. The phylogenetic tree demonstrated that R. u. dejeani is more closely related to R. u. swinhoei than to R. u. hainana. This study could provide important molecular data for species identification and the phylogenetic relationship of R. unicolor.


Mitochondrial genome Rusa unicolor hainana Cervinae Phylogeny 



We are very grateful to Wenyi Wang for providing blood samples. We also thank Taryn A. for her language help. This study was funded by the Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Program (CAAS-ASTIP-2017-ISAPS) and the Special Animal Genetic Resources Platform of NSTIC (SAGRP201601).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have declared that no conflict of interest exists.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Molecular Biology of Special Animals, Institute of Special Animal and Plant SciencesChinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesChangchunChina
  2. 2.College of PharmacyJilin Agricultural UniversityChangchunChina

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