The two tree peony species, namely, Paeonia ludlowii (Stern & G. Taylor) D. Y. Hong and P. delavayi Franch, belongs to the section Moutan Paeonia (Paeoniaceae). They are the only sources of yellow pigment in tree peony cultivar breeding. P. ludlowii has been listed as “critically endangered”, whereas P. delavayi has been listed as “near threatened” species according to the China Species Red List. The complete chloroplast genome sizes of P. ludlowii and P. delavayi are 152,687 and 154,405 bp respectively. Both contain a 17,056 bp long small single copy region (SSC). The large single copy region (LSC) in P. ludlowii is 84,613 bp, whereas the inverted repeat regions (IRs) are 25,644 bp. In addition, LSC in P. delavayi is 86,142 bp, whereas the IRs is 25,650 bp. The genomes of the two species encode the same set of 134 genes, including 86 protein-coding genes, 8 ribosomal RNA genes and 40 transfer RNA genes. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all five Paeonia species clustered together, and P. ludlowii and P. delavayi are most closely related to each other. These newly characterized chloroplast genomes will provide essential data for the further conservation of P. ludlowii and P. delavayi.
Paeonia ludlowiiPaeonia delavayiEndangered species Endemic species Chloroplast genome Phylogeny
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This research was financially supported by Scientific Research Foundation for Advanced Talent of Guizhou University (2016-43), China.
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