Skip to main content
Log in

Development and Validation of the Cognitive Behavioural Sati Scale (CBSS)

  • ORIGINAL PAPER
  • Published:
Mindfulness Aims and scope Submit manuscript

A Correction to this article was published on 16 August 2023

This article has been updated

Abstract

Objectives

Evidence shows that mindfulness contributes to many health-related outcomes and may promote health-related behaviours by enhancing self-regulation. However, there is a lack of reliable and valid tools to measure both cognitions and behaviours associated with mindfulness practice in the Thai context. The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Cognitive Behavioural Sati Scale (CBSS), which is suitable for the Thai population.

Method

The original 21 candidate items were identified by experts from conducting focus groups and included both newly developed items and items from existing measures. Selected items were administered to a sample of older adults (n = 318) living in the Bangkok metropolitan area, Thailand, and subjected to reliability and confirmatory factor analyses.

Results

A hierarchical model with 3 factors (acceptance, awareness, and self-recollection) and the overarching second-order mindfulness factor demonstrated overall better fit indices compared to a hierarchical model with 2 factors (mindful behaviour and acceptance), which also achieved acceptable model fit. The full CBSS and its subscales showed good internal consistency as indicated by α = 0.70–0.86 and ω = 0.72–0.88.

Conclusions

These findings support reliability and internal validity of both hierarchical models with 3 and 2 facets meaning that overall mindfulness-based health behaviours can be measured using the total scale score as well as individual facets scores depending on assessment requirements in the Thai context. Future studies should examine the external reliability and validity of the CBSS with different sample populations to establish scale robustness.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

Similar content being viewed by others

Change history

References

Download references

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank all participants in the community and special thanks to Yongyud Wongpiromsarn, PhD, MD; Assoc. Prof. Chatchawan Silpakit, PhD, MD; Assist. Prof. Lampu Kosulwit, PhD, MD; Assoc. Prof. Yaowarat Matchim, PhD. RN; Assoc.Prof. Dr. Kanvee Viwatpanich PhD.; and Assoc. Prof. Viwat Puttawanchai, MD, for advice on the project.

Funding

The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: The work was funded by the TUFT 21/2019 (Thammasat Fast Tract Fund), Thailand. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

Pantip Sangprasert: conceptualization, methodology, data curation, writing — original draft preparation, supervision, critical reviewing and editing. Junya Pattaraarchachai: data analysis and interpretation, critical reviewing and editing. Srimung Parangrit: data collection, reviewing and editing. Sitthiphon Bunman: data collection, critical reviewing and editing.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Pantip Sangprasert.

Ethics declarations

Ethical Approval

Protocol and informed consent were approved by the third Allied Academic Group three in Health Science of Thammasat University Review Board (COA-099/2019).

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no competing interests.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

The original online version of this article was revised to correct the spelling of the author Srimuang Palungrit and to update the affiliation of Junya Pattarrarchachai.

Supplementary Information

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

ESM 1

(PDF 111 KB)

Rights and permissions

Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sangprasert, P., Pattaraarchachai, J., Palungrit, S. et al. Development and Validation of the Cognitive Behavioural Sati Scale (CBSS). Mindfulness 14, 2137–2144 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-023-02167-8

Download citation

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-023-02167-8

Keywords

Navigation