Generic approaches for the rescheduling of public transport services

Abstract

The current paper discusses the problem of the synchronization of public transit services through the rescheduling of their initial execution times. The objective of the analysis is the minimization of waiting time that occurs for passengers when they embark on journeys through a co-modal or a unimodal public transport network. Fundamental concepts of public transport and co-modality are discussed, and particular focus is given to the development of approaches that are practical and can be applied to the whole network and not just to some parts of it. Three instances of the problem of rescheduling are presented and further analyzed, and corresponding mixed integer-linear programming models are developed for their solution. The mathematical models aim to be flexible and applicable to a broad set of available datasets that have been homogenized according to the general transit feed specification. Parameters are used in the approaches in order to define the degree to which we want to change the existing way that services operate. Case studies are presented for Greek, Czech, and Slovak public transport networks, in which reductions from 1 to 20% in the overall waiting time of passengers are obtained.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

  1. 1.

    TNS Political & Social.: “Europeans’ satisfaction with urban transport”, European Commission (2014).

  2. 2.

    Bussieck, M.R., Winter, T., Zimmerman, U.T.: Discrete optimization in public rail transport. Artic. Math. Program. 79(1), 415–444 (1997)

    MathSciNet  MATH  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Goverde, R.: Synchronization control of scheduled train services to minimize passenger waiting time. In: Proceedings of the 4th TRAIL Congress-Transport Infrastructure and Logistics (1998)

  4. 4.

    Ceder, A., Golany, B., Tal, O.: Creating bus timetables with maximal synchronization. Transp. Res. 35, 913–928 (2001)

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Erranki, A.: A model to create bus timetables to attain maximum synchronization considering waiting times at transfer stops. University of Florida Scholar Commons, Tallahassee (2004)

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Ibarra-Rojas, O.J., Rios-Solis, Y.A.: Synchronization of bus timetabling. Transport. Res. Part B Methodol. 46(5), 599–614 (2012)

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Saharidis, G., Dimitropoulos, C., Skordilis, E.: MInimizing waiting time at transitional nodes for public bus transportation in Greece. Oper. Res. Int. J. 14(3), 341–359 (2013)

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Dessouky, M., Hall, R., Zhang, L., Singh, A.: Real-time control of buses for schedule coordination at a terminal. Transport. Res. Part A Policy Pract. 37(2), 145–164 (2003)

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Gkiotsalitis, K., Maslekar, N.: Improving bus service reliability with stochastic optimization. In: IEEE 18th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Las Palmas, pp. 2794–2799. https://doi.org/10.1109/ITSC.2015.449

  10. 10.

    Gkiotsalitis, K., Maslekar, N.: Towards transfer synchronization of regularity-based bus operations with sequential hill-climbing. Public Trans. 10, 335–361 (2018)

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Barrena, E., Canca, D., Coelho, L.C., Laporte, G.: Single-line rail rapid transit timetabling under dynamic passenger demand. Transp. Res. Part B 70, 134–150 (2014)

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Barrena, E., Canca, D., Coelho, L.C., Laporte, G.: Exact formulations and algorithm for the train timetabling problem with dynamic demand. Comput. Oper. Res. 44, 66–74 (2014)

    MathSciNet  MATH  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Zegordi, S.H., Hassannayebi, E.: Variable and adaptive neighbourhood search algorithms for rail rapid transit timetabling problem. Comput. Oper. Res. 78, 439–453 (2017)

    MathSciNet  MATH  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Dessouky, M., Lu, Q., Hall, R.: Optimal holding times at transfer stations. Comput Ind Eng 40(4), 379–397 (2001)

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Clausen, T., Pisinger, D., Reinhardt, L.B.: Synchronized dial-a-ride transportation of disabled passengers at airports. Eur. J. Oper. Res. 225(1), 106–117 (2013)

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Jin, J.G., Lee, D.H., Axhausen, K.W., Sun, L.: Demand-driven timetable design for metro services. Transport. Res. Part C Emerg. Technol. 46, 284–299 (2014)

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Wong, R.C.W., Yuen, T.W.Y., Fung, K.W., Leung, J.M.Y.: Optimizing timetable synchronization for rail mass transit. Transport. Sci. 42(1), 57–69 (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Attiko Metro Website: https://www.ametro.gr/. Accessed 15 June 2020

Download references

Acknowledgements

This research is ongoing with the contribution of the LIFE programme of the European Union—LIFE14ENV/GR/000611 (GreenYourMove-GYM). GreenYourMove is a European Research Project co-funded by LIFE, the EU financial instrument for the environment. GreenYourMove’s main objective is the development and promotion of a co-modal journey application to minimize GHG emission in Europe. GreenYourMove develops a multi-modal transport planner (both routing & ticketing system) considering all kinds of urban public transportation (urban and sub-urban buses, metro, tram, trolley, trains), where the user gets alternative routes combining more than one transport modes if necessary. The routes are the environmentally friendliest ones, since emissions are calculated for different scenarios.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Dimitrios Rizopoulos.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Rizopoulos, D., Saharidis, G.K.D. Generic approaches for the rescheduling of public transport services. Energy Syst (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12667-020-00393-w

Download citation

Keywords

  • Rescheduling
  • Synchronization
  • Waiting time
  • Public transport