Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals

, Volume 71, Issue 7, pp 1699–1713 | Cite as

Formation of ZrO2–SiC Composite Coating on Zirconium by Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation in Different Electrolyte Systems Comprising of SiC Nanoparticles

  • Arun Sukumaran
  • Hariprasad Sampatirao
  • Ravisankar Balasubramanian
  • Evgeny Parfenov
  • Veta Mukaeva
  • Rameshbabu Nagumothu
Technical Paper


Plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) coupled with electrophoretic deposition (EPD) was used to fabricate ZrO2/SiC composite coating on the zirconium metal. The PEO–EPD process was carried out in three different electrolyte systems consisting of 5 g/l sodium aluminate or trisodium orthophosphate or sodium metasilicate with 4 g/l SiC nanoparticles. The X-ray diffraction results indicate monoclinic zirconia is the major phase in phosphate and silicate electrolyte while the coating produced in aluminate electrolyte is composed of tetragonal zirconia. The potentiodynamic polarization studies (PDP) indicate that composite coating produced in phosphate + SiC nanoparticle containing electrolyte exhibit superior resistance to corrosion, which can be attributed to the pore-free morphology of the coating. All the PEO–EPD coatings show exceptionally good adhesion strength (Lc  > 40 N). The coating fabricated in phosphate + SiC nanoparticles is found to be the best coating because of its superior resistance to corrosion and reasonably good adhesion strength.


Zirconium Plasma electrolytic oxidation Silicon carbide Electrophoretic deposition Corrosion properties Adhesion strength 



The authors would like to acknowledge the project grants received from the Department of Science and Technology (DST), New Delhi (Ref. No INT/RUS/RFBR/IDIR/P-5/2016) and Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), Moscow (Ref. No 16-53-48008) under the DST-RFBR inter-disciplinary scientific cooperation programme to carry out this work.


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Copyright information

© The Indian Institute of Metals - IIM 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arun Sukumaran
    • 1
  • Hariprasad Sampatirao
    • 1
  • Ravisankar Balasubramanian
    • 1
  • Evgeny Parfenov
    • 2
  • Veta Mukaeva
    • 2
  • Rameshbabu Nagumothu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringNational Institute of TechnologyTiruchirappalliIndia
  2. 2.Ufa State Aviation Technical University (USATU)UfaRussia

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