Reaction Kinetics at the Fiber/Matrix Interface of SiCf/Ti–15–3 Composites

  • A. Muthuchamy
  • G. D. Janaki Ram
  • V. Subramanya Sarma
Technical Paper


In the current research work, spark plasma consolidated beta-titanium alloy Ti–15V–3Cr–3Al–3Sn composites reinforced with SiC fibers (Sigma SM1240) were subjected to high temperatures (1173, 1223 and 1273 K) for different time periods (2.7, 11, 25 and 44 h) to investigate the kinetics of the chemical reactions at the fiber/matrix interface. Through microstructural studies and room temperature tensile tests, we have attempted to study the effect of the formed brittle reaction zone on the final mechanical properties of the composite. We have observed that, prior to the SiC fiber, the protective carbon coating reacts with the matrix and results in the formation of a reaction zone (predominantly TiC) at the fiber/matrix interface. The reaction zone propagates into the matrix with increase in time at the expense of the carbon coating, and finally ends with the onset of titanium silicide reaction. The reaction kinetics at the fiber/matrix interface was predominantly controlled by diffusion of carbon through the reaction zone and the activation energy for the same was calculated to be 149 kJ/mol. It was clear from the tensile test results that the mechanical properties of the composites do not earnestly decrease until the commencement of titanium silicide reaction.


Reaction kinetics Titanium matrix composites Silicon carbide Beta titanium 


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Copyright information

© The Indian Institute of Metals - IIM 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Muthuchamy
    • 1
  • G. D. Janaki Ram
    • 1
  • V. Subramanya Sarma
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology MadrasChennaiIndia

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