Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals

, Volume 70, Issue 10, pp 2725–2732 | Cite as

Microstructure Evolution and Mechanical Properties of Nano-structured Al–0.2 wt%Zr Alloy Fabricated by Accumulative Roll Bonding (ARB) Process

  • Bahram Azad
  • Hamidreza Mohammadian Semnani
  • Ehsan Borhani
Technical Paper


An Al–0.2 wt%Zr alloy was subjected to an accumulative roll bonding (ARB) process up to a strain of 8.0. The process led to ultrafine-grained materials with a mean grain size of 400 nm by 10-cycle ARB process, which was studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The Vickers microhardness measurements showed that the hardness value monotonously increased the number of ARB cycles and then reached a constant value of about 45 HV. Yield strength and tensile strength increased during the ARB process and reached to 125 and 158 MPa, respectively, after 10-cycles ARB process. The total elongation and uniform elongation were 65 and 48% before the ARB process and decreased after 10-cycle ARB to 17.5 and 6.5%, respectively. Also, after the tensile test, the fracture surfaces were studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and the result showed that the fracture mode in the 0 cycle (before ARB) and 1 cycle was ductile and changed to brittle with further ARB processing from 3 up to 10 cycles.


Accumulative roll bonding (ARB) process Al–0.2 wt%Zr alloy Ultrafine-grained (UFG) Microstructure evolution Mechanical properties Fractography 


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Copyright information

© The Indian Institute of Metals - IIM 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bahram Azad
    • 1
  • Hamidreza Mohammadian Semnani
    • 1
  • Ehsan Borhani
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringSemnan UniversitySemnanIran
  2. 2.Department of Nanotechnology, Nano-materials Science GroupSemnan UniversitySemnanIran

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