Analysis of mining effects on the geochemical evolution of groundwater, Huaibei coalfield, China

Abstract

Investigations were undertaken at the Xutuan and Renlou coal mines in Huaibei coalfield, Anhui Province, China to determine the effects of mining on the geochemical evolution of groundwater in the area. A total of 77 samples were collected between 1999 and 2017 from Neogene, Permian, and Carboniferous aquifers in two coal mines for hydrogeochemical analysis. The variation of hydrochemical types and the difference of Cl and TDS suggest that the groundwater in the Neogene aquifer flow from the Xutuan coal mine to the Renlou coal mine. The high concentrations of chloride in groundwater in the Permian aquifer may be associated with recharge from the Neogene aquifer under the effects of mining. Principal component analysis and the results of chemical analysis of water samples were used to explore the water–rock processes in the three aquifers. The results suggest that the main controlling process of the Xutuan coal mine is ion exchange between Na+ and Ca2+, while the principal chemical processes in the Renlou coal mine are likely to be ion exchange and reverse ion exchange between Na+ and Ca2+. Mining will lead to the decline of the Neogene aquifer potentiometric heads and the compaction of aquifer sediments. This, in turn, could lead to the development of fissures caused by mining which could increase the hydraulic connection between the Neogene and the Permian aquifer, and increase the ion-exchange intensity of the Permian aquifer. The inverse geochemical modeling results of groundwater flow-paths in the Neogene and Carboniferous aquifers suggest that reverse ion-exchange process is taking place in these aquifers, which provides additional evidence for geochemical evolution. This combined method of using various lines of evidences from hydrogeology, multivariate statistical analysis, hydrogeochemical research, and geochemical models can explain the hydrogeochemical evolution processes of groundwater at a deeper level.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14
Fig. 15
Fig. 16

References

  1. Adhikari K, Mal U (2019) Application of multivariate statistics in the analysis of groundwater geochemistry in and around the open cast coal mines of Barjora block, Bankura district, West Bengal, India. Environ Earth Sci 78:72

    Google Scholar 

  2. André L, Franceschi A, Pouchan P, Atteia O (2005) Using geochemical data and modeling to enhance the understanding of groundwater flow in a regional deep aquifer, Aquitaine Basin, south-west of France. J Hydrol 305:40–62

    Google Scholar 

  3. Chen LW, Gui HR, Yin XX (2011) Monitoring of flow field based on stable isotope geochemical characteristics in deep groundwater. Environ Monit Assess 179:487–498

    Google Scholar 

  4. Chen LW, Yin XX, Xie WP, Feng XQ (2014) Calculating groundwater mixing ratios in groundwater-inrushing aquifers based on environmental stable isotopes (D, 18O) and hydrogeochemistry. Nat Hazards 71:937–953

    Google Scholar 

  5. Chen LW, Feng XQ, Xie WP, Xu DQ (2016) Prediction of water-inrush risk areas in process of mining under the unconsolidated and confined aquifer: a case study from the Qidong coal mine in China. Environ Earth Sci 75:706

    Google Scholar 

  6. Chen LW, Xie WP, Feng XQ, Zhang NQ, Yin XX (2017) Formation of hydrochemical composition and spatio-temporal evolution mechanism under mining-induced disturbance in the Linhuan coal-mining district. Arab J Geosci 10:57

    Google Scholar 

  7. Cloutier V, Lefebvre R, Therrien R, Martine MS (2008) Multivariate statistical analysis of geochemical data as indicative of the hydrogeochemical evolution of groundwater in a sedimentary rock aquifer system. J Hydrol 353:294–313

    Google Scholar 

  8. Duan XL, Ma FS, Zhao HJ, Guo J, Gu HY, Lu R, Liu GW (2019) Determining mine water sources and mixing ratios affected by mining in a coastal gold mine, in China. Environ Earth Sci 78:299

    Google Scholar 

  9. Edmunds WM, Bath AH, Miles DL (1982) Hydrochemical evolution of the East Midlands Triassic sandstone aquifer, England. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 46:2069–2081

    Google Scholar 

  10. Edmunds WM, Carrillo-Rivera JJ, Cardona A (2002) Geochemical evolution of groundwater beneath Mexico City. J Hydrol 258:1–24

    Google Scholar 

  11. Ettazarini S (2005) Processes of water–rock interaction in the Turonian aquifer of Oum Er-Rabia Basin, Morocco. Environ Geol 49:293–299

    Google Scholar 

  12. Garcia MG, Del Hidalgo M, Blesa MA (2001) Geochemistry of groundwater in the alluvial plain of Tucumán province Argentina. Hydrogeol J 9:597–610

    Google Scholar 

  13. Gastmans D, Chang HK, Hutcheon I (2010) Groundwater geochemical evolution in the northern portion of the Guarani Aquifer System (Brazil) and its relationship to diagenetic features. Appl Geochem 25:16–33

    Google Scholar 

  14. Gui HR, Song XM, Lin ML (2017) Water-inrush mechanism research mining above karst confined aquifer and applications in North China coalmines. Arab J Geosci 10:180

    Google Scholar 

  15. Güler C, Thyne GD, McCray JE, Tumer KA (2002) Evaluation of graphical and multivariate statistical methods for classification of water chemistry data. Hydrogeol J 10:455–474

    Google Scholar 

  16. Güler C, Kurt MA, Alpaslan M, Akbulut C (2012) Assessment of the impact of anthropogenic activities on the groundwater hydrology and chemistry in Tarsus coastal plain (Mersin, SE Turkey) using fuzzy clustering, multivariate statistics and GIS techniques. J Hydrol 414–415:435–451

    Google Scholar 

  17. Guo H, Wang Y (2004) Hydrogeochemical processes in shallow Neogene aquifers from the northern part of Datong Basin, China. Appl Geochem 19:19–27

    Google Scholar 

  18. Hotelling H (1933) Analysis of complex of statistical variables into principal component. J Educ Psychol 24:417–441

    Google Scholar 

  19. Huang PH, Chen JS (2012) Recharge sources and hydrogeochemical evolution of groundwater in the coal-mining district of Jiaozuo, China. Hydrogeol J 20:739–754

    Google Scholar 

  20. Kanduč T, Grassa F, Mclntosh J, Stibilj V, Ulrich-Supovec M, Supovec I, Jamnikar S (2014) A geochemical and stable isotope investigation of groundwater/surface-water interactions in the Velenje Basin, Slovenia. Hydrogeol J 22:971–984

    Google Scholar 

  21. Li XX, Wu P (2017) Geochemical characteristics of dissolved rare earth elements in acid mine drainage from abandoned high-As coal mining area, southwestern China. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:20540–20555

    Google Scholar 

  22. Liu P, Yang M, Sun YJ (2019) Hydro-geochemical processes of the deep Ordovician groundwater in a coal mining area, Xuzhou, China. Hydrogeol J 27:2231–2244

    Google Scholar 

  23. Ma L, Qian JZ, Zhao WD, Curtis Z, Zhang RG (2016) Hydrogeochemical analysis of multiple aquifers in a coal mine based on nonlinear PCA and GIS. Environ Earth Sci 75:716

    Google Scholar 

  24. Mahato MK, Singh PK, Singh AK, Tiwari AK (2018) Assessment of hydrogeochemical processes and mine water suitability for domestic, irrigation, and industrial purposes in East Bokaro coalfield, India. Mine Water Environ 37:493–504

    Google Scholar 

  25. Morales-Casique E, Guinzberg-Belmont J, Ortega-Guerrero A (2016) Regional groundwater flow and geochemical evolution in the Amacuzac River Basin, Mexico. Hydrogeol J 24:1873–1890

    Google Scholar 

  26. Murkute YA (2014) Hydrogeochemical characterization and quality assessment of groundwater around Umrer coal mine area Nagpur District, Maharashtra, India. Environ Earth Sci 72:4059–4073

    Google Scholar 

  27. Najar IA, Khan AB (2012) Assessment of water quality and identification of pollution sources of three lakes in Kashmir, India, using multivariate analysis. Environ Earth Sci 66:2367–2378

    Google Scholar 

  28. Pandžić K, Kisegi M (1990) Principal Component analysis of a local temperature field within the global circulation. Theor Appl Climatol 41:177–200

    Google Scholar 

  29. Parkhurst DL, Appelo CAJ (1999) User’s guide to PHREEQC (version 2): a computer program for speciation, batch-reaction, one-dimensional transport, and inverse geochemical calculations. US Geol Surv Water Resour Investig Rep 99–4259:3–4

    Google Scholar 

  30. Piper AM (1944) A graphical procedure in the geochemical interpretation of water analysis. Trans Am Geophys Union 25:914–928

    Google Scholar 

  31. Qian JZ, Tong Y, Ma L, Zhao WD, Zhang RG, He XR (2018) Hydrochemical characteristics and groundwater source identification of a multiple aquifer system in a coal mine. Mine Water Environ 37:528–540

    Google Scholar 

  32. Qiao W, Li WP, Li T, Zhang X, Wang YZ, Chen YK (2018) Relevance between hydrochemical and hydrodynamic data in a deep karstified limestone aquifer: a mining area case study. Mine Water Environ 37:393–404

    Google Scholar 

  33. Qiao W, Li WP, Zhang SC, Niu YF (2019) Effects of coal mining on the evolution of groundwater hydrogeochemistry. Hydrogeol J 27:2245–2262

    Google Scholar 

  34. Qu S, Wang GC, Shi ZM, Xu QY, Guo YY, Ma L, Sheng YZ (2018) Using stable isotopes (δD, δ18O, δ34S and 87Sr/86Sr) to identify sources of water in abandoned mines in the Fengfeng coal mining district, northern China. Hydrogeol J 26:1443–1453

    Google Scholar 

  35. Rajmohan N, Elango L (2004) Identification and evolution of hydrogeochemical processes in the groundwater environment in an area of the Palar and Cheyyar River Basins, Southern India. Environ Geol 46:47–61

    Google Scholar 

  36. Schoeller H (1965) Qualitative Evaluation of Groundwater Resources. Methods and techniques of groundwater investigations and development. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris, pp 54–83

    Google Scholar 

  37. Sharif MU, Davis RK, Steele KF, Kim B, Kresse TM, Fazio JA (2008) Inverse geochemical modeling of groundwater evolution with emphasis on arsenic in the Mississippi River Valley alluvial aquifer, Arkansas (USA). J Hydrol 350:41–55

    Google Scholar 

  38. Sharma SK, Gajbhiye S, Tignath S (2015) Application of principal component analysis in grouping geomorphic parameters of a watershed for hydrological modeling. Appl Water Sci 5:89–96

    Google Scholar 

  39. Singh AK, Varmr NP, Mondal GC (2016) Hydrogeochemical investigation and quality assessment of mine water resources in the Korba coalfield, India. Arab J Geosci 9:278

    Google Scholar 

  40. Sun J, Kobayashi T, Strosnider WHJ, Wu P (2017) Stable sulfur and oxygen isotopes as geochemical tracers of sulfate in karst waters. J Hydrol 551:245–252

    Google Scholar 

  41. Towfiqul Islam ARM, Shen SH, Bodrud-Doza MD, Safiur Rahman M (2017) Assessing irrigation water quality in Faridpur district of Bangladesh using several indices and statistical approaches. Arab J Geosci 10:418

    Google Scholar 

  42. Utom AU, Odoh BI, Egboka BC (2013) Assessment of hydrogeochemical characteristics of groundwater quality in the vicinity of Okpara coal and Obwetti fireclay mines, near Enugu town, Nigeria. Appl Water Sci 3:271–283

    Google Scholar 

  43. Voutsis N, Kelepertzis E, Tziritis E, Kelepertsis A (2015) Assessing the hydrogeochemistry of groundwaters in ophiolite areas of Euboea Island, Greece, using multivariate statistical methods. J Geochem Explor 159:79–92

    Google Scholar 

  44. Xu K, Dai GL, Duan Z, Xue XY (2018) Hydrogeochemical evolution of an Ordovician limestone aquifer influenced by coal mining: a case study in the Hancheng mining area, China. Mine Water Environ 37:238–248

    Google Scholar 

  45. Yin D, Shu LC, Chen XH, Wang ZL, Mohammed ME (2011) Assessment of sustainable yield of Karst water in Huaibei, China. Water Resour Manag 25:287–300

    Google Scholar 

  46. Younger PL, Wolkersdorfer C (2004) Mining impacts on the fresh water environment: technical and managerial guidelines for catchment scale management. Mine Water Environ 23(Suppl 1):s2–s80

    Google Scholar 

  47. Zeinalzadeh K, Rezaei E (2017) Determining spatial and temporal changes of surface water quality using principal component analysis. J Hydrol 13:1–10

    Google Scholar 

  48. Zhang J, Chen LW, Chen YF, Ge RT, Ma L, Zhou KD, Shi XP (2020) Discrimination of water-inrush source and evolution analysis of hydrochemical environment under mining in Renlou coal mine, Anhui Province, China. Environ Earth Sci 79(2):1–13

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work is funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (Grant nos. 41972256 and 41372244). The authors would like to express sincere thanks to the reviewers for their careful reading and valuable suggestions.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Luwang Chen.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zhang, J., Chen, L., Li, J. et al. Analysis of mining effects on the geochemical evolution of groundwater, Huaibei coalfield, China. Environ Earth Sci 80, 98 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-021-09399-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • Mining
  • Hydrogeochemical
  • Water-inrush aquifers
  • Inverse modeling