Spectroscopic studies of dissolved organic matter in a heavily modified Mediterranean and ancient coastal lake

Original Article
  • 40 Downloads

Abstract

DOM has a vital role in the environmental fate of numerous contaminants including trace metals and organic compounds. The aim of this research is the spectroscopic characterization of the DOM of sediment samples collected from the shoreline of a coastal and heavily modified Mediterranean lake, the appraisal of DOM nature and origin, the evaluation of impacts from lithology and land uses, the comparison of the relative effectiveness of spectroscopic approaches for chemical classification and the final combination of the results provided from each approach. UV–Vis absorption spectra suggest the presence of low molecular weight and a photochemical bleaching of chromophoric DOM. Spectral slope ratio had a negative correlation with autochthonous production and DOM molecular weight. Fluorescence spectra showed that DOM is mainly freshly produced and has an autochthonous origin. Chromophores are of a rather simple structure deriving from the degradation of plant components. The contribution of submerged springs in organic matter input was uncovered. FT-IR spectroscopy revealed the presence of aliphatic and aromatic chains. The presence of carboxylic, phenolic, alcoholic and polysaccharide groups was supported. A correlation of recent autochthonous material with relative depletion in hydroxyl, carboxyl, alcoholic and polysaccharide groups was found. The morphological particularity of the area with its permeable lithology and the presence of karstic springs, in combination with the land uses of the catchment area hosting heavy industrial, agricultural and urban activities, in addition to the high archaeological and ecological importance of the wetland and its surrounding area, may require the application of a sound management and environmental protection scheme.

Keywords

Dissolved organic matter Fluorescence spectroscopy Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy Koumoundourou Lake Sediment Ultraviolet–visible absorption 

References

  1. Agnelli A, Celi L, Degl’Innocenti A, Corti G, Ugolini FC (2000) Chemical and spectroscopic characterization of the humic substances from sandstone-derived rock fragments. Soil Sci 165:314–327.  https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-200004000-00003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Akkanen J, Vogt RD, Kukkonen JVK (2004) Essential characteristics of natural dissolved organic matter affecting the sorption of hydrophobic organic contaminants. Aquat Sci 66:171–177.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00027-004-0705-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Blough NV, Del Vecchio R (2002) Chromophoric DOM in the coastal environment. In: Hansell DA, Carlson CA (eds) Biogeochemistry of marine dissolved organic matter. Academic Press, San Diego, pp 509–546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bogdanos K, Diapoulis A, Pavlidou A (2006) Remarks on the distribution of aquatic flora and macrozoobenthos of Koumoundourou lake. In Proceedings of the 8th panhellenic symposium on oceanography and fisheries, Thessaloniki, Gr. (in Greek)Google Scholar
  5. Boss E, Zaneveld JRV (2003) The effect of bottom substrate on inherent optical properties: evidence of biogeochemical processes. Limnol Oceanogr 48:346–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Coble PG, Green SA, Blough NV, Gagosian RB (1990) Characterization of dissolved organic matter in the Black Sea by fluorescence spectroscopy. Nature 348:432–435.  https://doi.org/10.1038/348432a0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Coble PG, Del Castillo CE, Avril B (1998) Distribution and optical properties of CDOM in the Arabian Sea during the 1995 SW monsoon. Deep-Sea Res II 451:2195–2223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Conides A, Parpoura AR (1997) A study of oil pollution effects on the ecology of a coastal lake ecosystem. Environmentalist 17:297–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Conides A, Diapoulis A, Koussouris T (1996) Ecological study of an oil polluted coastal lake ecosystem. Fresen Environ Bull 5:324–332Google Scholar
  10. Dick DP, Santos JHZ, Ferranti EM (2003) Chemical characterization and infrared spectroscopy of soil organic matter from two southern Brazilian soils. R Bras Ci Solo 27:29–39.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832003000100004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dimitriou E et al (2012) Monitoring of the ecological quality of Koumoundourou Lake and designing of management, restoration and developmental actions. Final Technical Report, IΜΒR&IW-HCMRGoogle Scholar
  12. Dimitriou E, Karaouzas I, Sarantakos K, Zacharias I, Bogdanos K, Diapoulis A (2008) Groundwater risk assessment at a heavily industrialised catchment and the associated impacts on a peri-urban wetland. J Environ Manage 88:526–538CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Donard ORX, Lamotte M, Belin C, Ewald M (1989) High-sensitivity fluorescence spectroscopy of Mediterranean waters using a conventional or a pulsed laser excitation source. Mar Chem 27:117–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dounas A (1971) The geology between Megara and Erithres area. Dissertation, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, GreeceGoogle Scholar
  15. Duarte RMBO, Pio CA, Duarte AC (2005) Spectroscopic study of the water-soluble organic matter isolated from atmospheric aerosols collected under different atmospheric conditions. Ana Chim Acta 530:7–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Fellman JB, Hood E, Spencer RGM (2010) Fluorescence spectroscopy opens new windows into dissolved organic matter dynamics in freshwater ecosystems: a review. Limnol Oceanogr 55(6):2452–2462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Fichot CG, Benner R (2012) The spectral slope coefficient of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (S275–295) as a tracer of terrigenous dissolved organic carbon in river-influenced ocean margins. Limnol Oceanogr 57(2):1453–1466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Fleck JA, Gill G, Bergamaschi BA, Kraus TEC, Downing BD, Alpers CN (2014) Concurrent photolytic degradation of aqueous methylmercury and dissolved organic matter. Sci Total Environ 484:263–275.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.03.107 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Francioso O, Sanchez-Cortes S, Tugnoli V, Ciavatta C, Sitti L, Gessa C (1996) Infrared, Raman, and nuclear magnetic resonance (1H, 13C, and 31P) spectroscopy in the study of fractions of peat humic acids. Appl Spectrosc 50(9):1165–1174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hatzianestis I (2003) Hydrocarbons, PCBs, and phenols. In: Pavlidou A (ed) Monitoring of the groundwaters, Lake Koumoundourou and the adjacent marine area in relation to the landfill of Western Attica. Technical Report. Athens, pp 97–118Google Scholar
  21. He ZQ, Ohno T, Cade-Menun BJ, Erich MS, Honeycutt CW (2006) Spectral and chemical characterization of phosphates associated with humic substances. Soil Sci Soc Am J 70:1741–1751CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. He ZQ, Mao JD, Honeycutt CW, Ohno T, Hutt JF, Cade-Menun BJ (2009) Characterization of plant-derived water extractable organic matter by multiple spectroscopic techniques. Biol Fert Soils 45:609–616CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Helms JR, Stubbins A, Ritchie JD, Minor EC, Kieber DJ, Mopper K (2008) Absorption spectral slopes and slope ratios as indicators of molecular weight, source, and photobleaching of chromophoric dissolved organic matter. Limnol Oceanogr 53(3):955–969CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hirose K (2007) Metal–organic matter interaction: ecological roles of ligands in oceanic DOM. Appl Geochem 22:1636–1645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hudson N, Baker A, Reynolds D (2007) Fluorescence analysis of dissolved organic matter in natural, waste and polluted waters: a review. River Res Appl 23:631–649CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Huguet A, Vacher L, Relexans S, Saubusse S, Froidefond JM, Parlanti E (2009) Properties of fluorescent dissolved organic matter in the Gironde Estuary. Org Geochem 40:706–719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Karageorgis AP, Katsanevakis S, Kaberi H (2009) Use of enrichment factors for the assessment of heavy metal contamination in the sediments of Koumoundourou lake, Greece. Water Air Soil Pollut 204:243–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kounis G, Siemos N (1991) Spot hydrogeological investigation of the aquifers of Thriassio Plain for supply of Hellenic Petroleum Company, IGMEGoogle Scholar
  29. Koutsomitros S, Mimides T, Sgoumpopoulou A, Rizos S (2001) Investigation of the self-cleaning ability of Lake Koumoundourou near Athens from oil pollution. Environ Eng Policy 2:155–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lombardi AT, Jardim WF (1999) Fluorescence spectroscopy of high performance liquid chromatography fractionated marine and terrestrial organic materials. Water Res 33:512–520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Maie N, Scully NM, Pisani O, Jaffe R (2007) Composition of a protein-like fluorophore of DOM in coastal wetland and estuarine ecosystems. Water Res 41:563–570.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2006.11.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Makri P, Scoullos M, Kalivas D, Bathrellos G, Skilodimou H (2006) Spatio-temporal analysis of groundwater pollution from BTEX in Thriassio Field, Attica, Greece. The Geological Society of London IAEG2006: 409Google Scholar
  33. McKnight DM, Boyer EW, Westerhoff PK, Doran PT, Kulbe T, Andersen DT (2001) Spectrofluorometric characterization of dissolved organic matter for indication of precursor organic material and aromaticity. Limnol Oceanogr 46(1):38–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Mimides T, Pylarinou K (2008) Advances in hydrocarbon fingerprinting. The case of ELPE refinery and lake Koumoundourou, Aspropyrgos, Greece. In: Proceedings of the international waste working group (IWWG), Chania, CreteGoogle Scholar
  35. Mimides T, Rhizos S (2007) Hydrogeology of the area surrounding lake Koumoundourou Aspropyrgou of Attica. In: Proceedings of the 8th pan-Hellenic geographical conference of the hellenic geographical society, pp 433–442 (in Greek)Google Scholar
  36. Minor EC, Swenson MM, Mattson BM, Oyler AR (2014) Structural characterization of dissolved organic matter: a review of current techniques for isolation and analysis. Environ Sc Process Impacts 16:2064–2079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Mopper K, Schultz CA (1993) Fluorescence as a possible tool for studying the nature and water column distribution of DOC components. Mar Chem 41:229–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Müller-Wegener U (1977) Fluoreszenzspektroskopische Untersuchungen an Huminsauren. Z Pflanzenernähr Bodenkd 140:563–570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Ohno T (2002) Fluorescence inner-filtering correction for determining the humification index of dissolved organic matter. Environ Sci Technol 36:742–746CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Olk DC, Brunetti G, Senesi N (2000) Decrease in humification of organic matter with intensified lowland rice cropping: a wet chemical and spectroscopic investigation. Soil Sci Soc Am J 64:1337–1347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Paraschoudis B (2002) Hydrogeological study of West Attica. Unpublished report, Hellenic Ministry of AgricultureGoogle Scholar
  42. Provenzano MR, Iannuzi G, Fabbri C, Senesi N (2011) Qualitative characterization and differentiation of digestates from different biowastes using FTIR and fluorescence spectroscopies. J Environ Prot 2:83–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Ryan DK, Weber JH (1982) Copper (II) complexing capacities of natural waters by fluorescence quenching. Environ Sci Technol 16:866–872CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Sakellariadou F (2016) Geochemical study of the mobile metal fraction and the fluorescent properties of dissolved organic matter present in marine sediments from the Messiniakos gulf at the southern part of Greece. Reg Stud Mar Sci 7:10–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Senesi N (1990) Molecular and quantitative aspects of the chemistry of fulvic acid and its interactions with metal ions and organic chemicals: part II. The fluorescence spectroscopy approach. Anal Chim Acta 232:77–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Senesi N, Miano TM, Provenzano M, Brunetti G (1989) Spectroscopic and compositional comparative characterization of I.H.S.S. reference and standard fulvic and humic acids of various origin. Sci Total Environ 81(82):143–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Senesi N, Miano TM, Provenzano M, Brunetti G (1991a) Characterization, differentiation, and classification of humic substances by fluorescence spectroscopy. Soil Sci 152:259–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Senesi N, Miano TM, Provenzano M (1991b) Fluorescence spectroscopy as a means of distinguishing fulvic and humic acids from aquatic, dissolved and sedimentary, and terrestrial sources. Lect Notes Earth Sci 33:63–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Senesi N, Xing B, Huang PM (2009) Biophysico-chemical processes involving natural nonliving organic matter in environmental systems. Wiley-IUPAC SeriesGoogle Scholar
  50. Suffet IH, MacCarthy P (1989) Aquatic humic substances. Influence on fate and treatment of pollutants. Advances in Chemistry Series (219). ACS, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  51. Sun Q, Wang C, Wang P, Hou J, Ao Y (2014) Absorption and fluorescence characteristics of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in the Yangtze Estuary. Environ Sci Pollut Res 21:3460–3473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Traganza ED (1969) Fluorescence excitation and emission spectra of dissolved organic matter in sea water. Bull Mar Sci 41:61–74Google Scholar
  53. Zepp RG, Scholtzhauer PF (1981) Comparison of photochemical behavior of various humic substances in water: III. Spectroscopic properties of humic substances. Chemosphere 10:479–486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zsolnay A, Baigar E, Zimenez EM, Saccomandi F (1999) Differentiating with fluorescence spectroscopy the sources of dissolved organic matter in soils subjected to drying. Chemosphere 38:45–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Geochemical Oceanography, Department of Maritime StudiesUniversity of PiraeusPiraeusGreece

Personalised recommendations