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A mathematical model on depth-averaged β-factor in open-channel turbulent flow

  • Punit Jain
  • Manotosh Kumbhakar
  • Koeli Ghoshal
Original Article

Abstract

The well-known Rouse equation is the most widely used equation to determine the vertical distribution of suspended sediment concentration in an open-channel flow. The exponent of Rouse equation, known as Rouse number, contains the parameter β defined by the ratio of sediment diffusion coefficient to turbulent diffusion coefficient. As such to measure sediment concentration accurately, an appropriate expression for β is essentially needed. The present study, therefore, focuses on the derivation of depth-averaged β through modified expressions of sediment and turbulent diffusion coefficients. A regression analysis is done to establish the relation between β and normalized settling velocity, and the relation is used to determine suspension concentration.

Keywords

Turbulent flow Sediment diffusion coefficient Momentum diffusion coefficient Depth-averaged β-factor 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsIndian Institute of Technology KharagpurKharagpurIndia

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