Model test of failure modes of high embankment and aseismic measures for buried strike-slip fault movement

  • Changwei Yang
  • Jianjing Zhang
  • Zhengzheng Wang
  • Jiaqing Hou
  • Changliang Si
Original Article


In this article, a series of model tests for a scaled high embankment, which is located at the Yun Gui railway, have been carried out. The purpose of the model tests was to ascertain failure modes of high embankments and the efficiency of the aseismic measures for buried strike-slip fault movement. The results show: (1) failure mode of the high embankment for buried strike-slip fault movement is the tensile failure. (2) The model with CFG pile foundation, sand blanket and geogrid has the best aseismic effect, followed by the model with sand blanket and geogrid. When dislocation displacement is small, the sand blanket under the embankment can achieve better aseismic efficiency, but when the dislocation displacement is large, the sand blanket under the embankment may lose its aseismic efficiency and may cause an adverse effect on the embankment.


Strike-slip faults Embankment Aseismic measures Failure mode 



This study is supported in part by Natural Science Foundation of China (Contract No. 51408510); Sichuan provincial science and technology support project (No. 2016GZ0338); The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2682016CX023); 2016–2018 Young Elite Scientist Sponsorship Program by CAST/CSRME (YESS); 2017–2019 Young Elite Scientist Sponsorship Program by CAST; Nanchang railway bureau scientific research project (No. 20171106); Education Department of Sichuan Province scientific research project (No. 16ZB0012).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors of this manuscript do not have any conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Changwei Yang
    • 1
  • Jianjing Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhengzheng Wang
    • 2
  • Jiaqing Hou
    • 1
  • Changliang Si
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Civil Engineering, Key of Transportation Tunnel Engineering, Ministry of EducationSouthwest Jiaotong UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.School of Civil EngineeringDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina

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