Recently, many researchers have paid attention to wireless sensor networks (WSNs) due to their ability to encourage the innovation of the IT industry. Although WSN provides dynamically scalable solutions with various smart applications, the growing need to maximize the area coverage with decreasing the percentage of deployed sensor nodes is still required. Random deployment is preferable for large areas that require a maximal number of nodes but result in coverage holes. As a result, mobile nodes are used to reduce coverage holes and maximize area coverage. The main objective of this study is to present an Improved Dynamic Deployment Technique based-on Genetic Algorithm (IDDT-GA) to maximize the area coverage with the lowest number of nodes as well as minimizing overlapping area between neighboring nodes. A two-point crossover novel is introduced to demonstrate the notation of variable-length encoding. Simulation results reveal that the superiority of the proposed IDDT-GA compared with other state-of-the-art techniques. IDDT-GA has better coverage rates with 9.69% and a minimum overlapping ratio with 35.43% compared to deployment based on Harmony Search (HS). Also, IDDT-GA has minimized the network cost by 13% and 7.44% than Immune Algorithm (IA) and Whale Optimization Algorithm (WOA) respectively. Besides, it confirms its stability with 83.04% compared to maximizing coverage with WOA.
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ZainEldin, H., Badawy, M., Elhosseini, M. et al. An improved dynamic deployment technique based-on genetic algorithm (IDDT-GA) for maximizing coverage in wireless sensor networks. J Ambient Intell Human Comput 11, 4177–4194 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12652-020-01698-5
- Deployment techniques
- Genetic algorithm (GA)
- Whale optimization algorithm (WOA)
- Wireless sensor network (WSN)
- Quality of service (QoS)