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Journal of Visualization

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 321–335 | Cite as

Flow visualization of simple pipe and channel flows obtained by MRI time-slip method

  • Kazunori Hosotani
  • Atsushi Ono
  • Kazuhiro Takeuchi
  • Yusuke Hashiguchi
  • Tomoya Nagahata
Regular Paper
  • 163 Downloads

Abstract

Herein, time-resolved magnetic resonance imaging, a noninvasive medical diagnostic imaging technique, was evaluated as a noncontact measurement tool for intuitively understanding fluid machineries. Simple pipe flows and channel flows are investigated by the 2D time–spatial labeling inversion pulse (2D time–SLIP) method, which can track a labeled water mass and visualize it using two-dimensional images. In this article, moving water masses of steady and pulsating pipe flows in a straight single pipe and a double cylindrical pipe (which are often seen in fluid machines and heat exchangers) are described. Then, abruptly contracting and expanding channels were tested and compared with particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements or numerical simulations to evaluate their validity. In addition, as a feasibility test, a rotating water wheel and a fluidic diode with a strong swirling flow were tested to estimate this method’s applicability to fluid machines. The results suggest that the time-SLIP method of tracking a labeled water mass is sufficiently accurate for use in simple fluid machinery under low Re number conditions.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Flow visualization Water Particle image velocimetry (PIV) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) Hagen–Poiseuille flow Pulsating flow Fluid machinery Time-SLIP method 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We wish to thank Dr. Feifei Zhao and Ms. Mai Akiyama for their assistance with MRI and PIV measurements. A part of this work was supported by JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) 16K06100.

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Copyright information

© The Visualization Society of Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazunori Hosotani
    • 1
  • Atsushi Ono
    • 2
  • Kazuhiro Takeuchi
    • 3
  • Yusuke Hashiguchi
    • 2
  • Tomoya Nagahata
    • 1
  1. 1.Electronics and Control Division, National Institute of TechnologyTsuyama CollegeOkayamaJapan
  2. 2.Kousei HospitalOkayamaJapan
  3. 3.National Hospital OrganizationOkayama Medical CenterOkayamaJapan

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