Application of activated carbon to enhance biogas production rate of Flammulina velutipes residues with composting pretreatment


Activated carbon can not only alleviate toxicity of harmful substances to microorganisms but also enhance direct interspecies electron transfer (DIET) during anaerobic digestion. Therefore, this study aimed at investigating the effect of powder activated carbon (PAC) on anaerobic digestion of Flammulina velutipes residues which were pretreated by aerobic composting with production of alcohols and volatile fatty acids (VFAs). Results show the starting time of methane production peak period emerged at the 4th day for the PAC-treatment comparing with the 15th day for the control, implying PAC application enhanced methane production rate significantly by alleviating the inhibitory effect of isopropanol and propionic acid regarding remarkable biodegradation of alcohols and VFAs from composting. A Gompertz curve fitting also indicated that the PAC-treatment possessed the greatest rate constant of biogas (0.1847) and methane (0.1793) production. Fourier transform infrared spectra analysis indicated that PAC could facilitated to the decomposition of recalcitrant cellulose, protein, lipid and polysaccharides. Furthermore, addition of PAC could enrich more vadinBC27_wastewater-sludge_group with electrochemical activity and Methanosarcina with ability to accept electrons from carbon-based mediator, suggesting that vadinBC27_wastewater-sludge_group might participate in DIET with Methanosarcina and therefore PAC could promote syntrophic association between bacteria and methanogens via DIET.

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This work was supported by Central Public-interest Scientific Institution Basal Research Fund (Y2016PT49), National Natural Science Foundation of China (51708307), Local Financial Funds of National Agricultural Science and Technology Center, Chengdu (NASC2019TI02) and Modern Agricultural Industry Technology System Special Funds of Sichuan Edible Fungi Innovation Team.

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All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Material preparation, data collection and analysis were performed by [Xia Li], [Qiang Li], [Jing He], [Yun-fei Zhang] and [Neng-min Zhu]. The first draft of the manuscript was written by [Xia Li] and all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Neng-min Zhu.

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Li, X., Li, Q., He, J. et al. Application of activated carbon to enhance biogas production rate of Flammulina velutipes residues with composting pretreatment. Waste Biomass Valor 12, 823–831 (2021).

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  • Flammulina velutipes residues
  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Inhibition
  • Powder activated carbon
  • DIET