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Waste and Biomass Valorization

, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 793–800 | Cite as

Microalgae as Bio-fertilizers for Rice Growth and Seed Yield Productivity

  • R. Dineshkumar
  • R. Kumaravel
  • J. Gopalsamy
  • Mohammad Nurul Azim Sikder
  • P. Sampathkumar
Original Paper

Abstract

The use of nitrogen and phosphorus in the agricultural field has led to a number of environmental problems and reduces the crop yields. Synthetic fertilizer usage is credited with increased soil erosion and degrading local ecosystem. To save the natural environment, use of organic fertilizer has become a best option and also reported as cost effective. Microalgae are considered as potential bio-fertilizers for rice cultivation as these are directly related with their nitrogen fixation ability and other positive effects for plants and soil. As a result of variability in data and N2 levels applied, significant differences between treatment and control groups were not found relative to farm. Hence, Microalgae species were recommended to be used as bio-fertilizer as an alternative to mainstream synthetic fertilizers. This is because of the increased cost of chemical fertilizer that cause soil and water pollution. In comparison, microalgae are a cheap source of N, which does not cause pollution. For this reason, the aim of the microalgae experiment as bio-fertilizer was to minimize the aggressive synthetic fertilizer use in the paddy field and to determine the potentiality of bio-fertilizer application in order to have maximum yield as well as for ensuring eco-friendly environment by avoiding chemical pollution.

Keywords

Microalgae Bio-fertilizer Rice yield Nitrogen fixation Eco-friendly 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to Dean and Director, CAS in Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Parangipettai for providing the necessary lab facilities. We are also grateful to the UGC-RGNF, Govt. of India for the financial assistance (Name of the Awardee R.DINESHKUMAR Award letter number and date or UGC Circular number and date F1-17.1/2015-16/RGNF-2015-17-SC-TAM-24190 & January 2016).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Dineshkumar
    • 1
  • R. Kumaravel
    • 1
  • J. Gopalsamy
    • 1
  • Mohammad Nurul Azim Sikder
    • 2
  • P. Sampathkumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine SciencesAnnamalai UniversityParangipettaiIndia
  2. 2.Institute of Marine Sciences and FisheriesUniversity of ChittagongChittagongBangladesh

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