Neurotoxicity Research

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 291–300 | Cite as

Long-Term Abobotulinumtoxin A Treatment of Cervical Dystonia

  • A. R. Bentivoglio
  • E. Di Stasio
  • D. Mulas
  • M. L. Cerbarano
  • T. Ialongo
  • A. Laurienzo
  • Martina Petracca
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Abstract

Botulinum toxin is considered as first-line therapy for cervical dystonia, but few papers have addressed these issues in the long term. Aim of this study was to investigate the long-term efficacy and safety of abobotulinumtoxin A (A/Abo) in patients with primary cervical dystonia. Consecutive patients who received at least six injections with A/Abo were included. Safety was assessed on patients’ self-reports. Efficacy was assessed by recording the total duration of benefit, duration of maximum efficacy, disease severity measured by means of the Tsui score, and pain intensity evaluated by means of the visual analog scale (VAS). Thirty-nine patients with PCD were included. The mean dose injected was 701.5 ± 280.6 U. The mean duration of the clinical improvement was 93.0 ± 30.7 days, while the mean duration of the maximum clinical improvement was 77.1 ± 27.1 days. The mean VAS before and 4 weeks after injection was 4.4 ± 1.8 and 1.8 ± 1.6, respectively. The mean Tsui score before and 4 weeks after treatment was 5.7 ± 1.8 and 3.5 ± 1.5, respectively. Doses of A/Abo and duration of the maximum clinical improvement significantly increased over time, while the Tsui score and VAS displayed a tendency to decrease along time. Side effects occurred in 19.6% of all the treatments but were severe in only four injections. The results of our study confirm the effectiveness and safety profile of A/Abo for the long-term treatment of primary cervical dystonia.

Keywords

Cervical dystonia Botulinum toxin Long-term treatment abobotulinumtoxinA 

Abbreviations

A/Abo

abobotulinumtoxinA

A/Ona

onabotulinumtoxinA

BoNT

botulinum toxin

CD

cervical dystonia

CGA

clinical global assessment

DBS

deep brain stimulation

DRBA

dopamine receptor blocking agents

EMG

electromyography

IM

intramuscular

PCD

primary cervical dystonia

SD

standard deviation

SCM

sternocleidomastoid

SPSS

Statistical Package for Social Sciences

VAS

Visual analog scale.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. R. Bentivoglio
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. Di Stasio
    • 3
  • D. Mulas
    • 1
  • M. L. Cerbarano
    • 1
  • T. Ialongo
    • 1
  • A. Laurienzo
    • 1
  • Martina Petracca
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Parkinson Disease and Extrapyramidal Disorders, Movement Disorders Unit, Institute of NeurologyUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuoreRomeItaly
  2. 2.Fondazione Don Carlo GnocchiMilanItaly
  3. 3.Institute of Biochemistry and Clinical BiochemistryUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuoreRomeItaly

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