Camallanus sonaiensis sp.n. (Camallanidae), a new species of nematode from Heteropneustes fossilis collected from Assam, India

Abstract

During the study fishes of the species Channa striatus, Heteropneustes fossilis, Anabas testudineus, Channa punctata were collected and examined for ecto as well as endoparasites. However, a new species of parasitic nematode of the genus Camallanus Railliet and Henry (Rev Parasitol 39:117–129, 1915) is described only from intestinal region of Siluriformes fish Heteropneustes fossilis Bloch (1794). Buccal capsule of the new species is slightly longer than width marked internally by 9–10 beaded longitudinal ridges in lateral view, 1–2 dorsal and ventral ridges incomplete that differs from other related species. It also differs on the basis of body measurements, maximum width/length ratio of buccal capsule, number and length of spicule, tridents nature, number and arrangement of caudal papillae in the posterior end. Due to differences in many aspects from the related congeners, the present species is proposed as new to the science. The present study deals with the morphological and morphometric description of Camallanus sonaiensis sp.n. from Assam, India.

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Acknowledgements

The authors wish to acknowledged Rita and Nandi, resident of Binnakandi, Cachar for their support during collection of fishes from different places of Barak Valley, Assam. The authors also obliged to Head of Department, Department of Zoology, Manipur University for providing necessary laboratory facilities. Also we would like to thank UGC for giving fellowship to the first author.

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LK: Sampling, data collection, analysis and drafting the manuscript. NM: Providing creative ideas and design of studies. Also, thorough revision of manuscript in order to provide only the important intellectual content.

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Correspondence to N. Mohilal.

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The procedures performed during the study were in accordance with the Institutional Animal Ethics Committee, Manipur University.

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Lebanan, K., Mohilal, N. Camallanus sonaiensis sp.n. (Camallanidae), a new species of nematode from Heteropneustes fossilis collected from Assam, India. J Parasit Dis (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12639-020-01344-z

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Keywords

  • Nematode
  • Camallanus
  • Siluriformes
  • Heteropneustes fossilis
  • Trident
  • Spicule