Haemato-biochemical characterization of fasciolosis in Gir cattle and Jaffrabadi buffaloes

Abstract

A total of 438 faecal samples of Gir cattle & Jaffrabadi buffaloes were examined by sedimentation technique and out of these, only 10 (2.28%) samples were found positive for Fasciola infection. Overall, the highest incidence of Fasciola infection was noticed in Jaffrabadi buffaloes (2.65%) than Gir cattle (1.72%) without significant difference (p > 0.05) between two species of animals. Haematological changes of Fasciola infected indigenous bovines showed the significant (p < 0.05) reductions in the mean values of haemoglobin (Hb), total erythrocytes count, packed cell volume, lymphocytes, and monocytes while total leucocytes count (TLC), mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular haemoglobin, mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration, neutrophils, and eosinophils were increased significantly (p < 0.05). Biochemical analysis revealed hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia as well as a significant increase in total bilirubin, Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and Alanine aminotransferase (ALT). The data presented here will not only help the epidemiologist but also help the field veterinarians in prognosis, diagnosis and planning the treatment and control strategies against Fasciola infection in bovines.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are highly thankful to Head of Department TVCC, Principal and Dean, Veterinary College and higher authorities of JAU, Junagadh for providing the necessary facilities to the carry out this study.

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Correspondence to Binod Kumar.

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Brahmbhatt, N.N., Kumar, B., Thakre, B.J. et al. Haemato-biochemical characterization of fasciolosis in Gir cattle and Jaffrabadi buffaloes. J Parasit Dis (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12639-020-01342-1

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Keywords

  • Haemato-biochemical changes
  • Fasciola
  • Gir cattle
  • Jaffrabadi buffaloes
  • Junagadh