Design, Facile Synthesis and Characterization of Porphyrin-Zirconium-Ferrite@SiO2 Core-Shell and Catalytic Application in Cyclohexane Oxidation

Abstract

In this study, a new magnetic ZrFe2O4@SiO2-TCPP nanocatalyst with high efficiency was used for the oxidation of cyclohexane to cyclohexanone (Ke) and cyclohexanol (Al). The mesoporous ZrFe2O4 nanoparticles, with a nanocauliflower structure was synthesized via solvothermal method and it was coated with SiO2 sell by tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) to fabricate the ZrFe2O4@SiO2 core-shell. Then, this composite was modified by 5, 10, 15, 20-meso-tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin (TCPP). FT-IR, XRD, XPS, FE-SEM, EDX, TEM, VSM, BET and fluorescence analyses were used to characterize the prepared nanomaterials. Optimization of the reaction conditions, as one of the most applicable Response Surface Methodologies (RSM), was executed by Central Composite Design (CCD) based on the applied mathematical modeling, and the results were analyzed by GC-Mass Analytical Testing Lab Services. The maximum Ke/Al products were 33.6 and 18.9%, respectively. Simple separation by a magnetic field, stability and recoverability, are the advantages of this new catalyst.

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Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the partial support by Iran University of Science and Technology.

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Khosravi, H.B., Rahimi, R., Rabbani, M. et al. Design, Facile Synthesis and Characterization of Porphyrin-Zirconium-Ferrite@SiO2 Core-Shell and Catalytic Application in Cyclohexane Oxidation. Silicon 13, 451–465 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12633-020-00454-w

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Keywords

  • Magnetic nanoparticles
  • Zirconium-ferrite
  • Mesoporous
  • Core-shell
  • TCPP
  • Oxidation
  • Cyclohexane