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, Volume 10, Issue 5, pp 1861–1871 | Cite as

Design and Properties of New Lead-Free Solder Joints Using Sn-3.5Ag-Cu Solder

  • Rizk Mostafa Shalaby
  • Mustafa Kamal
  • Esmail Abdo Mohammed Ali
  • Mohammed S. Gumaan
Original Paper

Abstract

This article aims to reduce the melting temperature of lead-free solder alloy and promote its mechanical properties. Eutectic tin-silver lead-free solder has a high melting temperature 221 C used for electronic component soldering. This melting temperature, higher than that of lead–tin conventional eutectic solder, is about 183 C. The effect of the melt spinning process and copper additions into eutectic Sn-Ag solder enhances the crystallite size to about 47.92 nm which leads to a decrease in the melting point to about 214.70 C, where the reflow process for low heat-resistant components on print circuit boards needs lower melting point solder. The results showed the presence of intermetallic compound Ag3Sn formed in nano-scale at the Sn-3.5Ag alloy due to short time solidification. The presence of new intermetallic compound, IMC from Ag0.8Sn0.2 and Ag phase improves the mechanical properties, and then enhances the micro-creep resistance especially at Sn-3.5Ag-0.7Cu. The higher Young’s modulus of Sn-3.5Ag-0.5Cu alloy 55.356 GPa could be attributed to uniform distribution of eutectic phases. Disappearance of tin whiskers in most of the lead-free melt-spun alloys indicates reduction of the internal stresses. The stress exponent (n) values for all prepared alloys were from 4.6 to 5.9, this indicates to climb deformation mechanism. We recommend that the Sn95.7-Ag3.5-Cu0.7 alloy has suitable mechanical properties, low internal friction 0.069, low pasty range 21.7 C and low melting point 214.70 C suitable for step soldering applications.

Keywords

Lead-free solder Melt-spun process Microstructure Mechanical properties Melting behavior Creep resistance 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rizk Mostafa Shalaby
    • 1
  • Mustafa Kamal
    • 1
  • Esmail Abdo Mohammed Ali
    • 2
  • Mohammed S. Gumaan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Metal Physics Laboratory, Physics Department, Faculty of ScienceMansoura UniversityMansouraEgypt
  2. 2.Basic Science Department, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of Science and TechnologySana’aYemen

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