Monoclinic SrAl2Si2O8 ceramics for Sr immobilization were prepared by a liquid-phase sintering method. The sintering temperature, mineral phase composition, microstructure, flexural strength, bulk density, and Sr ion leaching characteristics of the SrAl2Si2O8 ceramics were investigated. A crystalline monoclinic SrAl2Si2O8 phase formed through liquid-phase sintering at 1223 K. The introduction of four flux agents (B2O3, CaO·2B2O3, SrO·2B2O3, and BaO·2B2O3) to the SrAl2Si2O8 ceramics not only reduced the densification temperature and decreased the volatilization of Sr during high-temperature sintering but also impacted the mechanical properties of the ceramics. Product consistency tests showed that the leaching concentration of Sr ions in the sample with flux agent B2O3 was the lowest, whereas that of Sr ions in the sample with flux agent BaO2B2O3 was the highest. These results show that the leaching concentration of Sr ions depends largely on the amorphous phase in the ceramics. Meanwhile, the formation of mineral analog ceramics containing Sr is an important factor to improve Sr immobilization.
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This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11605116).
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Luo, J., Li, X., Zhang, Fj. et al. Sintering of monoclinic SrAl2Si2O8 ceramics and their Sr immobilization. Int J Miner Metall Mater (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-020-2056-6
- low-temperature liquid-phase sintering
- strontium immobilization
- monoclinic strontium feldspar
- flux agent