Hydroxylated graphene quantum dots as fluorescent probes for sensitive detection of metal ions

Abstract

Highly sensitive methods are important for monitoring the concentration of metal ions in industrial wastewater. Here, we developed a new probe for the determination of metal ions by fluorescence quenching. The probe consists of hydroxylated graphene quantum dots (H-GQDs), prepared from GQDs by electrochemical method followed by surface hydroxylation. It is a non-reactive indicator with high sensitivity and detection limits of 0.01 μM for Cu2+, 0.005 μM for Al3+, 0.04 μM for Fe3+, and 0.02 μM for Cr3+. In addition, the low biotoxicity and excellent solubility of H-GQDs make them promising for application in wastewater metal ion detection.

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Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21674011) and Beijing Municipal Natural Science Foundation (No. 2172040).

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Correspondence to Yan Li.

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Ge, Q., Kong, Wh., Liu, Xq. et al. Hydroxylated graphene quantum dots as fluorescent probes for sensitive detection of metal ions. Int J Miner Metall Mater 27, 91–99 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-019-1908-4

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Keywords

  • graphene quantum dots
  • surface hydroxylation
  • metal ions detection
  • fluorescent probes