Enhancement of ductility and improvement of abnormal Goss grain growth of magnetostrictive Fe–Ga rolled alloys
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The influences of initial microstructures on the mechanical properties and the recrystallization texture of magnetostrictive 0.1at% NbC-doped Fe83Ga17 alloys were investigated. The directionally solidified columnar-grained structure substantially enhanced the tensile elongation at intermediate temperatures by suppressing fracture along the transverse boundaries. Compared with tensile elongations of 1.0% at 300°C and 12.0% at 500°C of the hot-forged equiaxed-grained alloys, the columnar-grained alloys exhibited substantially increased tensile elongations of 21.6% at 300°C and 46.6% at 500°C. In the slabs for rolling, the introduction of <001>-oriented columnar grains also promotes the secondary recrystallization of Goss grains in the finally annealed sheets, resulting in an improvement of the saturation magnetostriction. For the columnar-grained specimens, the inhomogeneous microstructure and disadvantage in number and size of Goss grains are improved in the primarily annealed sheets, which is beneficial to the abnormal growth of Goss grains during the final annealing process.
Keywordsmagnetostriction iron-gallium alloys columnar grain ductility abnormal grain growth
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This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51501006), State Key Laboratory for Advanced Metals and Materials (No. 2017Z-11), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. FRF-GF-17-B2) and partly supported by a scholarship from the China Scholarship Council.
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