Malnutrition in Turkish nursing homes: A correlate of short term mortality

Abstract

Objective

Elderly nursing home residents are under high risk of malnutrition. Early interventions to prevent malnutrition may play a critical role in malnutrition-mortality correlation. This study aimed to obtain insight into the prevalence of malnutrition in nursing homes in the capital city of Turkey and the role of malnutrition in predicting the risk for short-term mortality.

Design

This study was conducted in seven different residential care facilities in Ankara.

Measurements

Nutritional status was evaluated by Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form.

Results

The mean age of the 534 participants was 79.46±7.22 years. Nutritional assessment revealed that 15.9% of all older adults suffered from malnutrition and another 53.6% were at risk of malnutrition. The mortality rate for all subjects was 118 (22.1%) over 18 months, which was significantly higher in participants with malnutrition.

Conclusions

We noted a high prevalence of malnutrition and a strong correlation of increased mortality with malnutrition in nursing home residents. Given the negative impact of malnutrition on mortality and morbidity, an emphasis should be placed on an effective nutritional policy in nursing homes.

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Correspondence to Mehmet Emin Kuyumcu.

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Ulger, Z., Halil, M., Cankurtaran, M. et al. Malnutrition in Turkish nursing homes: A correlate of short term mortality. J Nutr Health Aging 17, 305–309 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12603-013-0016-9

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Key words

  • Malnutrition
  • mortality
  • nursing home
  • elderly