Bollo is a traditional Goan fermented food in which coarse wheat/wheat and finger millet is leavened with toddy. We here isolated 42 yeast strains from Bollo batter. Initial screening of the isolates with probiotic properties yielded four yeast isolates (DABRP1, DABRP2, DABRP5 and DABRP12). These isolates exhibited tolerance to high bile salt concentration and acidic pH and resistance to various antibiotics, which indicated their probiotic nature. All these yeast isolates were identified as Saccharomyces cerevisiae through D1D2-LSU-rDNA sequencing. These yeast isolates also showed higher percent hydrophobicity towards chloroform followed by n-hexadecane and o-xylene indicating their mucosal surface-adhesive property. To evaluate the safety of the isolates for them to be called as generally recognized as safe, the pathogenic behavior of the isolates determined through the in vitro hemolysis assay and evaluation of DNase and gelatinase activities. None of the isolates exhibited hemolysis or produced DNase or gelatinase and thus were considered potentially safe. In terms of beneficial effects, the most potent isolate S. cerevisiae DABRP5 showed antibacterial activity against the test pathogens. It also showed excellent antioxidant activity with DPPH free radical scavenging activity of 68.85 ± 0.69%, anti-inflammatory activity with 60.39 ± 0.34% inhibition of protein denaturation, and antidiabetic activity with 71.75 ± 0.45% inhibition of α-amylase activity. The isolate produced α-amylase, lipase, and β-galactosidase. The probiotic potential of the isolate S. cerevisiae DABRP5 was similar to that of the reference strain (Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM I-745) used in this study. The results thus indicate that yeast isolates from Bollo batter have probiotic potential.
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The authors are grateful to the Department of Microbiology, Goa University, for providing the necessary facilities to carry out the research work. The authors are thankful to editingindia, a professional manuscript editing service provider for correcting our manuscript.
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Pereira, R.P., Jadhav, R., Baghela, A. et al. In Vitro Assessment of Probiotic Potential of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae DABRP5 Isolated from Bollo Batter, a Traditional Goan Fermented Food. Probiotics & Antimicro. Prot. (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12602-020-09734-8
- Saccharomyces cerevisiae
- Fermented foods
- Bollo batter
- Therapeutic properties