Demography and population projection of Myzus persicae (Sulz.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on five pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) cultivars
The green peach aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is a major pest of pepper. In this study, we collected data on the development, survival, fecundity, and proportion of apterous and alate forms of green peach aphid reared on five commercial pepper cultivars (Amiral, Erciyes, Mert, Mertcan, and Naz) at 25 ± 1°C, 60 ± 5% RH, and a photoperiod of 16:8 (L:D) h. We analyzed the life history raw data by using the age-stage, two-sex life table. The shortest development time (6.66 days) and highest fecundity (62.68 individuals) occurred on the Erciyes cultivar. The highest intrinsic rate of increase (r = 0.332 d−1), finite rate of increase (λ = 1.394 d−1), net reproductive rate (R0 = 62.7 offspring) and shortest mean generation time (T = 12.45 d) also occurred on the Erciyes cultivar; while the lower fitness occurred on the Amiral, Mertcan and Naz cultivars. Our results compared differences in the population growth rate of M. persicae on different pepper cultivars. This information will be useful to individuals working in pest management programs particularly those involving M. persicae.
KeywordsMyzus persicae Capsicum annuum Cultivars Host plant preference Age-stage two-sex life table Alate and apterous forms
We thank Cecil L. Smith (Arthropod Collection, Georgia Museum of Natural History, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 U.S.A.) for generous help in correcting the English writing.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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