Demography and population projection of Myzus persicae (Sulz.) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on five pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) cultivars
- 112 Downloads
The green peach aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is a major pest of pepper. In this study, we collected data on the development, survival, fecundity, and proportion of apterous and alate forms of green peach aphid reared on five commercial pepper cultivars (Amiral, Erciyes, Mert, Mertcan, and Naz) at 25 ± 1°C, 60 ± 5% RH, and a photoperiod of 16:8 (L:D) h. We analyzed the life history raw data by using the age-stage, two-sex life table. The shortest development time (6.66 days) and highest fecundity (62.68 individuals) occurred on the Erciyes cultivar. The highest intrinsic rate of increase (r = 0.332 d−1), finite rate of increase (λ = 1.394 d−1), net reproductive rate (R0 = 62.7 offspring) and shortest mean generation time (T = 12.45 d) also occurred on the Erciyes cultivar; while the lower fitness occurred on the Amiral, Mertcan and Naz cultivars. Our results compared differences in the population growth rate of M. persicae on different pepper cultivars. This information will be useful to individuals working in pest management programs particularly those involving M. persicae.
KeywordsMyzus persicae Capsicum annuum Cultivars Host plant preference Age-stage two-sex life table Alate and apterous forms
We thank Cecil L. Smith (Arthropod Collection, Georgia Museum of Natural History, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 U.S.A.) for generous help in correcting the English writing.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Birch, L. C. (1948). The intrinsic rate of natural increase of an insect population. J. Anim. Ecol., 17: 15-26.Google Scholar
- Blackman, R.L., & Eastop, V.S. (2000). Aphids on the World’s Crops: An Identification and Information Guide. 2nd Edn., Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
- Carey, J. R. (1993). Applied demography for biologists, with special emphasis on insects (211 p). U.K.: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Castaneda, L. E., Figueroa, C. C., Bacigalupe, L. D., & Nespolo, R. F. (2010). Effects of wing polyphenism, aphid genotype and host plant chemistry on energy metabolism of the grain aphid, Sitobion avenae. Journal of Insect Physiology, 56, 1920–1924.Google Scholar
- Chi, H. (2016). TWOSEX-MSChart: a computer program for age-stage, two-sex life table analysis.Google Scholar
- Chi, H. (2017a). TIMING-MSChart: A Computer Program for the Population Projection Based on Age-stage, Two-sex Life Table. National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan. URL http://18.104.22.168/Ecology/Download/TIMING-MSChart.rar.
- Chi, H. (2017b). TWOSEX-MSChart: a computer program for the age-stage, two-sex life table analysis. http://22.214.171.124/Ecology/Download/ Twosex-MSChart.rar. National Chung Hsing University, Taichung.
- Chi, H., & Liu, H. (1985). Two new methods for the study of insect population ecology. Bull. Inst. Zool. Acad. Sin., 24, 225–240.Google Scholar
- Chi, H., & Su, H. Y. (2006). Age-stage, two-sex life tables of Aphidius gifuensis (Ashmead) (hymenoptera: Braconidae) and its host Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Homoptera: Aphididae) with mathematical proof of the relationship between female fecundity and the net reproductive rate. Environmental Entomology, 35, 10–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Emden, H. (2002). Mechanisms of resistance: Antibiosis, Antixenosis, tolerance, nutrition. In: Pimentel D (ed). Encyclopedia of Pest Management. Marcel Dekker, Inc., 483–600.Google Scholar
- FAO (2014). FAOSTAT database collections. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome. Access date: 2017–11-24. URL: http://faostat.fao.org.
- Greer, E., & Nielsen, M. T. (1988). Leaf trichomes in tobacco-insect relationships. II. Resistance to green aphid Myzus persicae. Tob Sci., 32, 66–70.Google Scholar
- Horber, E. (1982). Types and classification of resistance. In F. G. Maxwell & P. R. Jennings (Eds.), Plant resist to insects (pp. 15–21). New York: John Wiley.Google Scholar
- Huang, Y. B., & Chi, H. (2011). The age-stage, two-sex life table with an offspring sex ratio dependent on female age. Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 60(4), 337–345.Google Scholar
- Kawada, K. (1987). Polymorphism and morph determination In: Minks AK, Harrewijn P, editors. Aphids, their biology, natural enemies and control Amsterdam: Elsevier. 255–266.Google Scholar
- Leslie, P. H. (1945). On the use of matrices in certain population mathematics. Biometrika, 33: 183-212.Google Scholar
- Lewis, E. G. (1942). On the generation and growth of a population. Sankhy a, 6: 93-96.Google Scholar
- Metcalf, R.L., & Luckman, W.H. (1994). Introduction to insect pest management, 3rd Ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Google Scholar
- Naseri, B., Golparvar, Z., Razmjou, J., & Golizadeh, A. (2014). Age-stage, two-sex life table of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on different bean cultivars. J Agric Sci Tech., 16, 19–32.Google Scholar
- Niemeyer, H. M. (1990). The role of secondary plant compounds in aphid–host interactions. In R. K. Campbell & R. D. Eikenbary (Eds.), Aphid–plant genotype interactions (pp. 187–205). Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
- Painter, R. H. (1951). Insect resistance in crop plants (520 p). New York: The Macmillan Co..Google Scholar
- Saljoqi, A. U. R., Khan, K., & Rahman, S. U. (2009). Integrated management of potato-peach aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer). Sarhad J Agric., 25, 573–580.Google Scholar
- Severson, R. F., Eckel, R. V. W., & Jackson, D. M. (1985). Cuticular constituents of tobacco: Factors affecting their production and their role in insect disease resistance and smoke quality. Rec Adv Tob Sci., 11, 105–174.Google Scholar
- Shaw, M. J. P. (1970). Effects of population density on alienicolae of Aphis fabae Scop. I. Effect of crowding on production of alatae in laboratory. Ann App Biol., 65, 191–196.Google Scholar
- Smith, C.M. (2005). Plant Resistance to Arthropods (pp. 37–63). Dordrechdt. The Netherlands: Springer.Google Scholar
- Sulistyo, A., & Inayati, A. (2016). Mechanisms of antixenosis, antibiosis, and tolerance of fourteen soybean genotypes in response to whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci). Biodiversitas, 17(2), 447–453.Google Scholar
- Tuan, S. J., Lee, C. C., & Chi, H. (2014b). Population and damage projection of Spodoptera litura (F.) on peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.) under different conditions using the age-stage, two-sex life table. Pest Manag Sci. 70: 1936.Google Scholar