Rare Metals

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Statistics of oxidation resistance of Ni–(0–15)Co–(8–15)Cr–(0–5)Mo–(0–10)W–(3–8)Al–(0–5)Ti–(0–10)Ta–0.1C–0.01B superalloys at 1000 °C by compositional variations

  • Si-Jun Park
  • Kyu-Hyuk Lee
  • Seong-Moon Seo
  • Hi-Won Jeong
  • Young-Soo Yoo
  • HeeJin Jang


The effects of alloying elements (Co, Cr, Mo, W, Al, Ti, and Ta) on the oxidation resistance of Ni–(0–15)Co–(8–15)Cr–(0–5)Mo–(0–10)W–(3–8)Al–(0–5)Ti–(0–10)Ta–0.1C–0.01B alloys were studied. The sample compositions were designed by the Box–Behnken method of design of experiments (DOE). The alloying elements show complicated effects on the mass gain due to oxidation, depending on the alloy composition. Al reduces the mass gain largely. The other elements except Al do not appear to exert a strong effect on the oxidation rate on average, but their influences are shown clearly in the alloys with a low Al content. Co, W, and Ta reduce the oxidation rate, while Cr, Mo, and Ti promote oxidation. Ta is the most effective element in reducing the oxidation rate of the alloy with a low Al concentration. It is confirmed that a continuous Al2O3 layer is essentially required for high oxidation resistance. The oxide scale of easily oxidized alloys has various oxides such as NiCr2O4, NiAl2O4, NiO, Cr2O3, CrTaO4, and TiO2.


High temperature oxidation Alloy composition Ni-based superalloy Oxidation resistance Design of experiments 



This work was financially supported by the Fundamental R&D Program for Core Technology of Materials (No. 10041233) and the Human Resources Program in Energy Technology of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) (No. 20174030201620).


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Copyright information

© The Nonferrous Metals Society of China and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Multi-Material Research Center, Gwangju-Jeonnam DivisionKorea Automotive Technology InstituteGwangjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Advanced Materials EngineeringChosun UniversityGwangjuRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.High Temperature Materials GroupKorea Institute of Materials ScienceChangwonRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringChosun UniversityGwangjuRepublic of Korea

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