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Rare Metals

, Volume 37, Issue 6, pp 480–487 | Cite as

NASICON-structured Na3.1Zr1.95Mg0.05Si2PO12 solid electrolyte for solid-state sodium batteries

  • Jing Yang
  • Hong-Li Wan
  • Zhi-Hua Zhang
  • Gao-Zhan Liu
  • Xiao-Xiong Xu
  • Yong-Sheng Hu
  • Xia-Yin Yao
Article
  • 244 Downloads

Abstract

Using stable inorganic solid electrolyte to replace organic liquid electrolyte could significantly reduce potential safety risks of rechargeable batteries. Na-superionic conductor (NASICON)-structured solid electrolyte is one of the most promising sodium solid electrolytes and can be employed in solid-state sodium batteries. In this work, a NASICON-structured solid electrolyte Na3.1Zr1.95Mg0.05Si2PO12 was synthesized through a facile solid-state reaction, yielding high sodium-ionic conductivity of 1.33 × 10−3 S·cm−1 at room temperature. The results indicate that Mg2+ is a suitable and economical substitution ion to replace Zr4+, and this synthesis route can be scaled up for powder preparation with low cost. In addition to electrolyte material preparation, solid-state batteries with Na3.1Zr1.95Mg0.05Si2PO12 as electrolyte were assembled. A specific capacity of 57.9 mAh·g−1 is maintained after 100 cycles under a current density of 0.5C rate at room temperature. The favorable cycling performance of the solid-state battery suggests that Na3.1Zr1.95Mg0.05Si2PO12 is an ideal electrolyte candidate for solid-state sodium batteries.

Keywords

Solid electrolyte NASICON-type structure Sodium-ionic conductivity Solid-state sodium battery 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is financially supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFB0100105), Strategic Priority Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. XDA09010203), Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. LD18E020004, LY18E020018 and LY18E030011) and the Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS (No. 2017342).

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Copyright information

© The Nonferrous Metals Society of China and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and EngineeringChinese Academy of SciencesNingboChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory for Renewable Energy Beijing Key Laboratory for New Energy Materials and Devices, Institute of PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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