Advertisement

Journal of the Geological Society of India

, Volume 93, Issue 4, pp 392–398 | Cite as

Factors influencing Detrital Mineralogy and Tectono-provenance of Fort Member Sandstone, Jaisalmer Formation, Western Rajasthan, India

  • Faiz Ahmad
  • M. A. QuasimEmail author
  • A. H. M. Ahmad
  • Asma A. Ghaznavi
  • Z. Khan
  • M. Albaroot
Research Article
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

Detrital mineralogy of the sandstone of Fort Member of Jurassic Jaisalmer basin has been investigated with respect to provenance, the influence of palaeoclimate, distance of transport and effects of diagenesis on the detrital mineralogy. Petrographic studies based on quantitative analysis of the detrital minerals revealed that the sandstones are composed mostly of quartz, feldspar, mica, chert, rock fragments and heavy minerals. The detrital modes of the studied Fort Member sandstone, which are indicative of mature stable cratonic blocks and recycled orogen provenance, where sediments are likely to be derived from collision orogen under semi-humid to humid climatic conditions. Petrographic data coupled with the palaeocurrent analysis results indicate a mixed provenance including granites, granite-gneisses, low and high-grade metamorphic rocks of the Aravalli craton.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ahmad, A.H.M. and Bhat, G.M. (2006) Petrofacies, provenance and diagenesis of the Dhosa Sandstone Member (Chari Formation) at Ler, Kachchh sub-basin, Western India. Jour. Asian Earth Sci., v.27, pp.857–872.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahmad, F., Ahmad, A.H.M., and Quasim, M.A. (2017b). Diagenetic Features of Jurassic Fort Member Sandstone, Jaisalmer Formation, Western Rajasthan. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, v.90(3), pp.273–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ahmad, F., Quasim, M.A., Ghaznavi, A.A., Khan, Z. and Ahmad, A.H.M. (2017a) Depositional environment of the Fort Member of the Jurasic Jaisalmer Formation (western Rajasthan, India), as revealed from lithofacies and grain-size analysis. Geol. Acta., v.15(3), pp.153–167.Google Scholar
  4. Akhtar, K. and Ahmad, A.H.M. (1991) Single-cycle cratonic quartzarenite produced by tropical weathering: the Nimar Sandstone (Lower Cretaceous), Narmada basin, India. Sediment. Geol., v.71, pp.23–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Alam, M.M. (2002) Generic provenance, tectonics and petrofacies evolution of sandstones, Jaisalmer Formation (Middle Jurassic), Rajasthan. Jour. Geol. Soc. India., v.59, pp.47–58.Google Scholar
  6. Balagopal, A.T. and Srivastava, V.K. (1975) A study of the paleocurrent and the provenances of the Jurassic rocks of Central Kutch, Gujarat state, India. Jour. Earth. Sci., v.2, pp.62–76.Google Scholar
  7. Basu, A. (1985) Influence of climate and relief on composition of sand release at source areas. In: Zuffa, G.G. (ed.), Provenance of Arenite. Reidel: Dordrecht-Boston- Lancaster, pp.1–18.Google Scholar
  8. Basu, A. (2003) A prospective on quantitative provenance analysis. In: Valloni, R., Basu, A., (Ed.), Quantitative provenance studies in Italy. Memorie Descrittive della Carta Geologica dell Italia. v.61, pp.11–22.Google Scholar
  9. Bhalla, S.N. (1983) India. In: Mallade, M., Nairn, A.E.M. (Ed.), The Phanerozoic Geology of the world II, The Mesozoic, B. Amsterdam, Elsevier, pp.305–352.Google Scholar
  10. Bhat, G.M. and Ahmad, A.H.M. (2013) Temporal facies and diagenetic evolution of the mixed siliciclastic-carbonate Jajiya Member (Callovian-Oxfordian), Jaisalmer Formation, West India. Vol. Jura, v.11, pp.147–162.Google Scholar
  11. Chandler, M.A., Rind, D. and Ruedy, R. (1992) Pangean climate during early Jurassic GCMS simulations and sedimentary record of Paleoclimate: Geol. Soc. Amer Bull., v.104, pp. 543–559.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chatterjee, S. and Hotton, N. III. (1986) The Paleoposition of India: Jour. South Asian Earth Sci. v.1, pp. 145–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cox, R. and Lowe, R.D. (1995b) A conceptual review of regional scale controls on the composition of clastic sediments and the co-evolution of continental blocks and their sedimentary cover: Jour. Sediment Res., v. 65, pp.1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cox, R., Lowe, D.R. and Cullers, R.L. (1995) The influence of sediment recycling and basement composition on evolution of mudrock chemistry in the southwestern United States: Geochimica Cosmochim Acta., v.59, pp.2919–2940.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dalrymple, R.W., Zaitlin, B.A. and Boyd, R. (1992) Estuarine facies models: Conceptual basis and stratigraphic implications: Jour. Sediment. Petrol., v.62, pp.1130–1146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dickinson, W.R. and Suczek, C.A. (1979) Plate-tectonics and sandstones composition: Bull. Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geol., v.63, pp. 2164–2182.Google Scholar
  17. Dickinson, W.R. (1985) Interpreting provenance relations from detrital modes of sandstones. In: Zuffa GG editor. Provenance of Arenites. D. Reidel, Dordrecht: pp. 331–361.Google Scholar
  18. Dickinson, W.R., Beard, L.S., Brakenridge, G.R., Erjavec, J.L., Ferguson, R.C., Inman, K.F., Knepp, R.A., Lindberg, F.A., and Ryberg, P.T. (1983) Provenance of North American Phanerozoic sandstones in relation to tectonic setting: Bull. Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geol., v. 94, pp. 222–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Dubey, N. and Chatterjee, B.K. (1997) Sandstones of Mesozoic Kachchh Basins: Their provenance and basinal evolution: Indian Jour. Petrol. Geol., v.6, pp. 55–58.Google Scholar
  20. Folk, R.L. (1980) Petrology of sedimentary rocks. Hemphill Pub. Co, Austin., pp.182.Google Scholar
  21. Franzinelli, E. and Potter, P.E. (1983) Petrology, chemistry and texture of modem river sands, Amazon River system: Jour. Geol., v.91, pp. 23–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Fursich, F.T., Oschmann, W., Singh, I.B. and Jaitly, A.K. (1992) Hardgrounds, reworked concretion levels and condensed horizons in the Jurassic of western India: their significance for basin analysis: Jour. Geol. Soc. London, v.149, pp. 313–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ghosh, S.K. and Kumar, R. (2000) Petrography of the Neogene Siwalik sandstone of the Himalayan foreland basin, Garhwal Himalaya: Implications for source area tectonics and climate. Jour. Geol. Soc. India., v.55, pp.1–15.Google Scholar
  24. Ghosh, S.K., Jalal, P. and Islam, R. (2016) Sedimentologic attributes of the Proterozoic siliciclastic packages of the Garhwal-Kumaun Lesser Himalaya, India: Implication for their relationship and palaeobasinal conditions. Jour. Geol. Soc. India., v.87, pp.661–678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ingersoll, R.V. and Suczek, C.A. (1979) Petrology and provenance of Neogene sand from Nicobar and Bengal Fans, DSDP sites 211 and 218: Jour. Sediment. Petrol., v. 49, pp. 1217–1218.Google Scholar
  26. Ingersoll, R.V., Bulard, T.F., Ford, R.L., Grimn, J.P., Pickle, J.P. and Sares, S.W. (1984) The effect of grain size on detrital modes: a text ofthe Gazzi-Dickinson Point Counting method: Jour. Sediment. Petrol., v.54, pp. 103–116.Google Scholar
  27. Jalal, P. and Ghosh, S.K. (2012) Provenance of the Late Neogene Siwalik sandstone, Kumaun Himalayan Foreland Basin: constraints from the metamorphic rank and index of detrital rock fragments. Jour. Earth Sys. Sci., v. 121, pp.781–792.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kachhara, R.P. and Jodhawat, R.L. (1981) On the age of Jaisalmer Formation, Rajasthan, India: Proceedings of IX Indian Colloquium on Micro palaeontology and Stratigraphy, Udaipur., pp. 235–247.Google Scholar
  29. Khan, S., Quasim, M. A., Ahmad A.H.M. and Alam M.M. (2017) Petrofacies and Tectono Provenance of the Sandstones of Jara Dome, Kachchh, Gujarat. Jour. Indian Assoc. Sediment., v.34(1&2), pp.17–28.Google Scholar
  30. Lukose, N.G. (1972) Palynological evidence on the age of Lathi Formation, Western Rajasthan: Proceeding of Seminar on Palaeopalynology and Indian Stratigraphy (Calcutta Univ.), pp.155–159.Google Scholar
  31. Mahendra, K. and Banerji, R.K. (1989) Textural study and depositional environment of sand grains from rocks of Jaisalmer Formation, Jaisalmer District, Rajasthan, India: Jour. Geol. Soc. India, v.33(3), pp.228–242.Google Scholar
  32. Mahendra, K. and Banerji, R.K. (1990) Petrography, diagenesis and depositional environment of Middle Jurassic Jaisalmer Carbonates, Rajasthan: Indian Jour. Earth Sci., v.17(3/4), pp.194–207.Google Scholar
  33. Marsaglia, K.M. and Ingersoll, R.V. (1992) Compositional trends in arc-related, deep-marine sand and sandstone: a reassessment of magmatic-arc provenance: Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., v.104, pp.1637–1649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. McBirney, A.R. (1983) Igneous Petrology, San Francisco, Freeman, Cooper: pp.504.Google Scholar
  35. Misra, P.C. (1982) Exploration in Jaisalmar Basin, An Overview: Rep, Oil & Natural Gas Commission (Unpublished), Dehradun.Google Scholar
  36. Narayanan, K., Subrahmanyan, M. and Srinivasan, S. (1961) Geology of Jaisalmer: Unpublished report ONGC. Dehradun, India.Google Scholar
  37. Pandey, D.K., Fursich, F.T. and Bron-Szabo, R. (2009a) Jurassic corals from the Jaisalmer Basin, Rajasthan, W. India: Zittelina., v. A48/49, pp.13–37.Google Scholar
  38. Pandey, D.K., Fursich, F.T. and Sha, J. (2009b) Interbasinal mark intervels — A case study from the Jurassic of Kachch and Jaisamer western India, Sci China Ser D-Earth Sci, v.52(12), pp.1924–1931.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pandey, D.K., Kashyap, D. and Choudhary, S. (2005) Microfacies and depositional environment of the Gharoi River section (upper Jaisalmer Formation), west of Baisakhi Village, Jaisalmer Basin, Rajasthan-Proceedings of the National Seminar on Oil, Gas & Lignite Scenario with special Reference to Rajasthan, Jaipur, pp.117–130.Google Scholar
  40. Pandey, D.K., Sha, J. and Choudhary, S. (2006a) Depositional environment of Bathonian sediments of the Jaisalmer Basin, Rajasthan, western India: Progress in Natural Science (Special issue of IGCP 506 on the Jurassic Boundary Events), Beijing, v.16, pp.163–175.Google Scholar
  41. Pandey, D.K., Sha, J. and Choudhary, S. (2006b) Depositional history of the early part of the Jurassic succession on the Rajasthan Shelf, western India: Progress in Natural Science (Special issue of IGCP 506 on the Jurassic Boundary Events), Beijing, v.16, pp.176–185.Google Scholar
  42. Pandey, D.K., Sha, J. and Choudhary, S. (2010) Sedimentary cycles in the Callovian-Oxfordian of the Jaisalmer Basin, Rajasthan, western India: Vol Jurassica, v.8, pp.131–162.Google Scholar
  43. Patra, A., Singh, B.P. and Srivastava, V.K. (2014) Provenance of the late Paleocene Sandstones of the Jaisalmer Basin, Western India. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, v.83, pp.657–664.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Pettijohn, F.G., Potter, P.E. and Siever, R. (1987) Sand and sandstone. Springer Verlag, New York., pp. 553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Pettijohn, F.J. (1984) Sedimentary Rocks, 3rd ed. CBS Publishers., pp. 628Google Scholar
  46. Quasim, M.A., Ahmad, A.H.M. and Ghosh, S.K. (2017). Depositional environment and tectono-provenance of Upper Kaimur Group sandstones, Son Valley, Central India. Arabian Jour. Geosci., 10(4).Google Scholar
  47. Selley, R.C. (1980) Ancient Sedimentary Environments. 2nd ed. Publisher, Cornell University Press, pp. 287Google Scholar
  48. Singh, B.P. (2013) Evolution of the Paleogene succession of the western Himalayan foreland basin: Geoscience Frontiers, v.4, pp.199–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Singh, N.P. (1984) Addition. to the Tertiary Biostratigraphy of Jaisalmer Basin: Petroleum Asia Journal, Dehradun, v. 7, pp.106–128.Google Scholar
  50. Singh, N.P. (2007) Cenozoic Lithostratigraphy of the Jaisalmer Basin, Rajasthan: Jour. Palaeontol. Soc. India, v.52(2), pp. 129–154.Google Scholar
  51. Suttner, L.J. and Dutta, P.K. (1986) Alluvial sandstones composition and paleoclimate, I, framework mineralogy: Jour. Sediment. Petrol, v.56, pp.329–345.Google Scholar
  52. Suttner, L.J., Basu, A. and Mack, G.H. (1981) Climate and the origin of quartz arenites: Jour. Sediment. Petrol., v.51, pp. 1235–1246.Google Scholar
  53. Thompson, S.L. and Barron, E.J. (1981) Comparison of Cretaceous and present earth albedos: Implication for the causes of Paleoclimates: Jour. Geol., v.89, pp.143–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Weltje, G.J., Meijer, X.D. and Doer, P.L. (1998) Stratigraphic inversion of siliciclastic basin fills: a note on the distinction between supply signals resulting from tectonic and climate forcing: Basin Res., v.10, pp.129–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Geological Society of India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Faiz Ahmad
    • 1
  • M. A. Quasim
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. H. M. Ahmad
    • 1
  • Asma A. Ghaznavi
    • 1
  • Z. Khan
    • 1
  • M. Albaroot
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

Personalised recommendations