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Fluid Inclusion Evidences for the P-T Conditions of Quartz Veins Formation in the Black Shale-Hosted Gold Deposits, Bodaybo Ore Region, Russia

Abstract

The P-T conditions of auriferous and barren quartz veins from Kopylovsky, Kavkaz and Krasnoye gold deposits in Proterozoic black shales of Bodaybo ore region are presented the first time in this study. Fluid inclusions trapped in auriferous quartz are aqueous Na±K-Mg chloride with salinity of 6 wt.%-8.8 wt.% NaCleqv. Homogenization temperatures vary from 260 to 350 °C, and calculated trapping pressures are 1.2–1.6 kbar. The fluids trapped in barren quartz have more complicated compositions with Na, K, Mg and Fe chlorides, salinity up to 13 wt.% NaCleqv, and homogenization temperatures ranging between 140 and 280 °C. The volatiles in fluids are dominated by H2O, followed by CO2 with minor amounts of CH4 and N2. We suppose that auriferous and barren quartz veins have been formed due to the basic metamorphogenic fluid as evidenced by the close slat and gas fluid composition.

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Acknowledgments

This study was partially supported by the State Contract of the Institute of Mineralogy, South-Urals Federal Research Center of Mineralogy and Geoecology, Urals Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences (Project for 2019–2021) and the Basic Research Foundation of Russia (No. 16-05-00580). Sincere thanks go to the reviewers and the editors for their suggestions. The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-019-1024-4.

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Correspondence to Natalia N. Ankusheva.

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Ankusheva, N.N., Palenova, E.E. & Shanina, S.N. Fluid Inclusion Evidences for the P-T Conditions of Quartz Veins Formation in the Black Shale-Hosted Gold Deposits, Bodaybo Ore Region, Russia. J. Earth Sci. 31, 514–522 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-019-1024-5

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Key Words

  • Bodaybo
  • black shales
  • gold deposits
  • gold-bearing quartz
  • barren veins
  • fluid inclusions
  • P-T conditions