Journal of Earth Science

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 353–368 | Cite as

Weathered and Volcanic Provenance-Sedimentary System and Its Influence on Reservoir Quality in the East of the Eastern Depression, the North Yellow Sea Basin

  • Dan Gao
  • Rihui Cheng
  • Yanjie Shen
  • Liaoliang Wang
  • Xiaoqiang Hu
Petroleum Geology

Abstract

Seismic stratigraphy, core logging and the data from cores are used to identify the development and evolution of the east provenance-sedimentary system and to analyze its influence on the quality of reservoirs in the eastern depression of the North Yellow Sea Basin. The eastern provenance-sedimentary system is a fan delta (delta) and subaqueous fan sedimentary system with volcanic provenance. Its evolution is closely related to internal uplift and coeval volcanic activity. During faulting and volcanic activity, an internal uplift gradually formed and the eastern provenance-sedimentary system began to develop. Clastic materials from the weathered uplift and volcanic activity were the main sources of sediment and were deposited in the Middle Jurassic to the Early Cretaceous. A subaqueous fan sedimentary system developed in the Middle Jurassic, a deltaic to subaqueous fan sedimentary system developed in the Late Jurassic, and a fan delta to subaqueous fan sedimentary system developed in the Early Cretaceous. The volcaniclastic detritus was mainly composed of acidic materials with a small amount of intermediate materials. The reservoir in the eastern sedimentary system is a type of tight sandstone with ultra-low porosity and very low permeability due to the influence of volcanism and diagenesis. The reservoir quality is worse than those of the northern and the western sedimentary systems. However, the high volume of volcanic materials and deep-marine sedimentary conditions resulted in good-quality hydrocarbon source rocks that ensures the exploration potential in the eastern sedimentary system reservoir.

Key words

the eastern depression of the North Yellow Sea Basin provenance-sedimentary system volcanism reservoir 

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Notes

Acknowledgments

The work was supported by the China Geological Survey (No. GZH200700405) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41602106). The authors thank the Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey for providing seismic, logging and coring data those were cited in this paper. The valuable comments and suggestions by editorial board and reviewers are gratefully acknowledged. The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-017-0945-z.

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© China University of Geosciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Earth SciencesJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  2. 2.Guangzhou Marine Geological SurveyGuangzhouChina

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