Journal of Earth Science

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 196–217 | Cite as

Paleozoic intrusive rocks in the Nalati mountain range (NMR), southwest Tianshan: Geodynamic evolution based on petrology and geochemical studies

  • Huichao Zhang
  • Yongfeng Zhu
  • Wanyi Feng
  • Yuwen Tan
  • Fang An
  • Jiahao Zheng
Petrology and Petrogeochemistry


A synthesis involving the data for the Nalati mountain region (NMR) in west Tianshan with a dataset including zircon U-Pb ages, Hf isotopic composition, major and trace elements of Paleozoic intrusions are presented to improve the understanding of regional geodynamic evolution. Paleozoic intrusive rocks in the NMR could be classified into four categories based on chronological and geo-chemical data: 480±5 Ma, 445-410 Ma, 345-320 Ma, and 295 Ma, which correspond to (1) closure of the Terskey Ocean and the opening of the south Tianshan back-arc basin, which was followed with the opening of the south Tianshan Ocean, (2) initial subduction of the south Tianshan oceanic crust, (3) major subduction stage, and (4) collision to post-collisional stage, respectively. Following the closure of the Terskey Ocean, the south Tianshan Ocean opened at Early Silurian and subducted under Yili-central Tianshan by the end of Early Carboniferous Period. The following breakoff of the subducted slab triggered partial melting of continental crust and formed voluminous granitic rocks in the NMR.

Key Words

granite Nalati mountain range (NMR) Tianshan orogenic belt geodynamic evolution 


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This research is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41372062, 41330210, 41672047). We thank Libing Gu and Fang Ma for assistance during ICP-MS analysis, and Guiming Shu for assistance with EPMA analysis. We also are grateful to anonymous reviewers for their detailed critical comments and suggestions, which helped us to improve this paper greatly. The final publication is available at Springer via

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Copyright information

© China University of Geosciences and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Huichao Zhang
    • 1
  • Yongfeng Zhu
    • 1
  • Wanyi Feng
    • 1
  • Yuwen Tan
    • 1
  • Fang An
    • 2
  • Jiahao Zheng
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Earth and Space SciencePeking University, The Key Laboratory of Orogenic Belts and Crustal Evolution, Ministry of EducationBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of GeologyNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina

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