The Journal of Physiological Sciences

, Volume 67, Issue 3, pp 345–351 | Cite as

Relationship between cognitive function and regulation of cerebral blood flow

Review

Abstract

Ageing is the primary risk factor for cognitive deterioration. Given that the cerebral blood flow (CBF) or regulation of cerebral circulation is attenuated in the elderly, it could be expected that ageing-induced cognitive deterioration may be affected by a decrease in CBF as a result of brain ischemia and energy depletion. CBF regulation associated with cerebral metabolism thus likely plays an important role in the preservation of cognitive function. However, in some specific conditions (e.g. during exercise), change in CBF does not synchronize with that of cerebral metabolism. Our recent study demonstrated that cognitive function was more strongly affected by changes in cerebral metabolism than by changes in CBF during exercise. Therefore, it remains unclear how an alteration in CBF or its regulation affects cognitive function. In this review, I summarize current knowledge on previous investigations providing the possibility of an interaction between regulation of CBF or cerebral metabolism and cognitive function.

Keywords

Dementia Cerebral disease Vascular disease Vascular risk factors Autonomic dysfunction Atherosclerosis Neurovascular coupling 

Notes

Acknowledgements

I am grateful to Dr. Shoichi Ando and Dr. Takeshi Hashimoto for their comments.

Compliance with ethical standards

Disclosures

No conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise, are declared by the author.

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© The Physiological Society of Japan and Springer Japan 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biomedical EngineeringToyo UniversityKawagoe-ShiJapan

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