Inadvertent left ventricular pacing through a patent foramen ovale diagnosed by trans-thoracic echocardiography

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Correspondence to Unni Krishnan.

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Figure 1. This shows the route taken by the ventricular lead through a PFO to insert into the lateral LV wall (MPEG 222 kb)

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Krishnan, U., Koyalakonda, S. & Pyatt, J.R. Inadvertent left ventricular pacing through a patent foramen ovale diagnosed by trans-thoracic echocardiography. J Echocardiogr 9, 75–76 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12574-010-0061-x

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Keywords

  • International Normalize Ratio
  • Permanent Pacemaker
  • Right Bundle Branch Block
  • Supplementary Video
  • Right Bundle Branch Block