Food Security

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 287–310 | Cite as

Governance of food systems across scales in times of social-ecological change: a review of indicators

  • Aogán Delaney
  • Tom Evans
  • John McGreevy
  • Jordan Blekking
  • Tyler Schlachter
  • Kaisa Korhonen-Kurki
  • Peter A. Tamás
  • Todd A. Crane
  • Hallie Eakin
  • Wiebke Förch
  • Lindsey Jones
  • Donald R. Nelson
  • Christoph Oberlack
  • Mark Purdon
  • Stephan Rist
Review

Abstract

Governance of food systems is a poorly understood determinant of food security. Much scholarship on food systems governance is non-empirical, while existing empirical research is often case study-based and theoretically and methodologically incommensurable. This complicates aggregation of evidence and generalization. This paper presents a review of literature to identify a core set of methodological indicators to study food systems governance in future research. Indicators were identified from literature gathered through a structured consultation and sampling from recent systematic reviews and were classified according to governance levels and the food system activity domain they investigate. We found a concentration of indicators in food production at local to national levels and with less literature investigating how food governance affects food distribution and consumption. Many indicators of institutional structure were found, while indicators capturing social agency and indicators of cross-scale dynamics were moderately represented but critical perspectives on governance were lacking. These gaps present an opportunity for future empirical research to investigate more comprehensively the diverse components of food systems and how governance arrangements at different scales affect them.

Keywords

Food systems Governance Food security Research methods Evidence synthesis Socio-ecological change 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We acknowledge the CGIAR Fund Council, Australia (ACIAR), Irish Aid, European Union, International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Netherlands, New Zealand, Switzerland, UK, USAID and Thailand for funding to the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). The research for this article was funded by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), under the Priorities and Policies for CSA Flagship. This article builds upon an earlier version which appeared as a CCAFS Working Paper, number 167. This work was also supported by the US National Science Foundation (grant numbers BCS-1534544, SES-1360421, and SES-1360463) and some authors benefitted from support from the R4D project “Food Sustainability” funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF 400540-152033). We would like to thank Katrien Termeer for helpful insights throughout the project. Thanks are also extended to all those who helped by suggesting literature during consultation, all authors who responded to requests during the review and to Patricia Lezotte of the Ostrom Workshop at Indiana University for invaluable assistance during drafting. We acknowledge the services of the Bibliothèque Nationale de Luxembourg for providing access to materials reviewed.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. We disclose above the sources of funding that made this research possible.

References

  1. Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., Robinson, J. A., & Yared, P. (2009). Reevaluating the modernization hypothesis. Journal of Monetary Economics, 56(8), 1043–1058.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Acemoglu, D., & Robinson, J. A. (2012). Why nations fail: The origins of power. Prosperity and Poverty: Crown Publishing, New York, USA.Google Scholar
  3. Adger, W. N. (2001). Scales of governance and environmental justice for adaptation and mitigation of climate change. Journal of International Development, 13(7), 921–931.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alrøe, H., Moller, H., Læssøe, J., & Noe, E. (2016). Opportunities and challenges for multicriteria assessment of food system sustainability. Ecology and Society, 21(1), 38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Altieri, M. A., & Toledo, V. M. (2011). The agroecological revolution in Latin America: Rescuing nature, ensuring food sovereignty and empowering peasants. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 38(3), 587–612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Azmat, F., & Coghill, K. (2005). Good governance and market-based reforms: A study of Bangladesh. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 71(4), 625–638.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Biermann, F., Abbott, K., Andresen, S., Bäckstrand, K., Bernstein, S., Betsill, M. M., et al. (2012). Transforming governance and institutions for global sustainability: Key insights from the earth system governance project. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 4(1), 51–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bizikova, L., Echeverría, D., & Hammill, A. (2014). Systematic review approach to identifying key trends in adaptation governance at the supranational level. (no. 93). Copenhagen, Denmark: CGIAR research Programme on climate change agriculture and food security (CCAFS). www.ccafs.cgiar.org
  9. Bizikova, L., Nijnik, M., & Nijnik, A. (2015). Exploring institutional changes in agriculture to inform adaptation planning to climate change in transition countries. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 20(8), 1385–1406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Blunt, P. (1995). Cultural relativism, “good” governance and sustainable human development. Public Administration and Development, 15(1), 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Boons, F., & Mendoza, A. (2010). Constructing sustainable palm oil: How actors define sustainability. Journal of Cleaner Production, 18(16–17), 1686–1695.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Brownhill, L., & Hickey, G. M. (2012). Using interview triads to understand the barriers to effective food security policy in Kenya: A case study application. Food Security, 4(3), 369–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Candel, J. J. L. (2014). Food security governance: A systematic literature review. Food Security, 6(4), 585–601.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Candel, J. J. L., Breeman, G. E., & Termeer, C. J. A. M. (2015). The European Commission’s ability to deal with wicked problems: An in-depth case study of the governance of food security. Journal of European Public Policy, 1–25.Google Scholar
  15. Clapp, J. (2017). The trade-ification of the food sustainability agenda. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 44(2), 335–353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Colonna, P., Fournier, S., & Touzard, J. (2013). Food Systems. In C. Esnouf, M. Russel, & N. Bricas (Eds.), Food system sustainability: Insights from duALIne. UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Cooper, S. J., & Wheeler, T. (2015). Adaptive governance: Livelihood innovation for climate resilience in Uganda. Geoforum, 65, 96–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Cornwall, A., & Coelho, V. S. (2007). Spaces for change?: The politics of citizen participation in new democratic arenas. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  19. Crane, T. A., Delaney, A., Tamás, P. A., Chesterman, S., & Ericksen, P. (2017). A systematic review of local vulnerability to climate change in developing country agriculture: In search of transparency, coherence and comparability. WIREs Climate Change, 8(4), e464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. De Schutter, O. (2014). Final report: The transformative potential of the right to food (no. a/HRC/25/57). New York, USA: UN general assembly, human rights council. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/RegularSessions/Session25/Pages/ListReports.aspx
  21. Delaney, A., & Tamás, P. A. (2016). Strengthening the food systems governance evidence base: Supporting commensurability of research through a systematic review of methods - technical report supporting working paper 167, Copenhagen, Denmark: CGIAR research program on climate change, agriculture and food security (CCAFS). Denmark: Copenhagen http://hdl.handle.net/10568/72721.Google Scholar
  22. Delaney, A., Evans, T., John, M., Blekking, J., Schlachter, T., Korhonen-Kurki, K., et al. (2016a). Strengthening the food systems governance evidence base: Supporting commensurability of research through a systematic review of methods (no. 167). Copenhagen, Denmark: CGIAR research program on climate change, agriculture and food security (CCAFS). http://hdl.handle.net/10568/72720
  23. Delaney, A., Tamás, P. A., Crane, T. A., & Chesterman, S. (2016b). Systematic review of methods in low-consensus fields: Supporting commensuration through ‘construct-centered methods aggregation’ in the case of climate change vulnerability research. PLoS One, 11(2), e0149071.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149071.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. Donovan, R. Z., Clarke, G., & Sloth, C. (2010). Verification of progress related to enabling activities for the Guyana-Norway REDD+ agreement. USA: Rainforest Alliance.Google Scholar
  25. Dupuis, J., & Biesbroek, R. (2013). Comparing apples and oranges: The dependent variable problem in comparing and evaluating climate change adaptation policies. Global Environmental Change, 23(6), 1476–1487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Dubbeling, M., Santini, G., Renting, H., Taguchi, M., Lançon, L., Zuluaga, J., et al. (2017). Assessing and planning Sustainable City region food systems: Insights from two Latin American cities. Sustainability, 9, 1455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Eakin, H., Connors, J. P., Wharton, C., Bertmann, F., Xiong, A., & Stoltzfus, J. (2017). Identifying attributes of food system sustainability: Emerging themes and consensus. Agriculture and Human Values, 34, 757–773.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Eakin, H., Eriksen, S., Eikeland, P.-O., & Øyen, C. (2011). Public sector reform and governance for adaptation: Implications of new public management for adaptive capacity in Mexico and Norway. Environmental Management, 47(3), 338–351.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  29. Eakin, H., Winkels, A., & Sendzimir, J. (2009). Nested vulnerability: Exploring cross-scale linkages and vulnerability teleconnections in Mexican and Vietnamese coffee systems. Environmental Science & Policy, 12(4), 398–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ericksen, P. J. (2008). Conceptualizing food systems for global environmental change research. Global Environmental Change, 18(1), 234–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ericksen, P. J., Ingram, J. S., & Liverman, D. M. (2009). Food security and global environmental change: Emerging challenges. Environmental Science & Policy, 12(4), 373–377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Esnouf, C., Russel, M., & Bricas, N. (2013). Food system sustainability: Insights from duALIne. UK: Cambridge University Press http://www.cambridge.org/us/academic/subjects/life-sciences/natural-resource-management-agriculture-horticulture-and/food-system-sustainability-insights-dualine.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. FAO. (1996). World Food Summit: Rome Declaration and Plan of Action. http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/w3613e/w3613e00.HTM. Accessed 25 November 2015.
  34. FAO. (2011). Good food security governance: The crucial premise to the twin-track approach - background paper. FAO, Rome, Italy. http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/righttofood/documents/other_documents/2011_good_food_security_gov/FoodSecurityGovernanceWorkshop_backgroundpaper.pdf. Accessed 25 Nov 2015.Google Scholar
  35. FAO. (2012). FAO - News Article: FAO calls for strengthened food security governance. http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/162391/icode/. Accessed 25 Nov 2015.
  36. FAO. (2014). SAFA: Sustainability assessment of food and agriculture systems - guidelines version 3.0. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
  37. FAO, IFAD and WFP. (2013) The state of food insecurity in the world 2013: The multiple dimensions of food security. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
  38. Fukuyama, F. (2013). What is governance? Governance, 26, 347–368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Fung, A. (2004). Empowered participation. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  40. Galiè, A. (2013). Governance of seed and food security through participatory plant breeding: Empirical evidence and gender analysis from Syria. Natural Resources Forum, 37(1), 31–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Gereffi, G., Humphrey, J., & Sturgeon, T. (2005). The governance of global value chains. Review of International Political Economy, 12(1), 78–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Gibson, C. C., Ostrom, E., & Ahn, T. K. (2000). The concept of scale and the human dimensions of global change: A survey. Ecological Economics, 32(2), 217–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Godfray, H. C. J., Beddington, J. R., Crute, I. R., Haddad, L., Lawrence, D., Muir, J. F., et al. (2010). Food security: The challenge of feeding 9 billion people. Science, 327(5967), 812–818.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Grindle, M. S. (2004). Good enough governance: Poverty reduction and reform in developing countries. Governance, 17(4), 525–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Gupta, J., Termeer, C., Klostermann, J., Meijerink, S., van den Brink, M., Jong, P., et al. (2010). The adaptive capacity wheel: A method to assess the inherent characteristics of institutions to enable the adaptive capacity of society. Environmental Science & Policy, 13(6), 459–471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Hermes, N., & Lensink, R. (2001). Changing the conditions for development aid: A new paradigm? Journal of Development Studies, 37(6), 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Hirsch, P. D., Adams, W. M., Brosius, J. P., Zia, A., Bariola, N., & Dammert, J. L. (2011). Acknowledging conservation trade-offs and embracing complexity. Conservation Biology: The Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology, 25(2), 259–264.Google Scholar
  48. Hooghe, L., & Marks, G. (2003). Unraveling the central state, but how? Types of multi-level governance. American Political Science Review, 97(2), 233–243.Google Scholar
  49. Horton, P., Banwart, S. A., Brockington, D., Brown, G. W., Bruce, R., Cameron, D., et al. (2017). An agenda for integrated system-wide interdisciplinary agri-food research. Food Security, 9(2), 195–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Hospes, O., & Brons, A. (2016). Food system governance: A systematic literature review. In A. Kennedy & J. Liljeblad (Eds.), Food systems governance: Challenges for justice, equality, and human rights. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  51. Huntjens, P., Lebel, L., Pahl-Wostl, C., Camkin, J., Schulze, R., & Kranz, N. (2012). Institutional design propositions for the governance of adaptation to climate change in the water sector. Global Environmental Change, 22(1), 67–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Ingram, J. (2011). A food systems approach to researching food security and its interactions with global environmental change. Food Security, 3(4), 417–431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Jacobi, J., Schneider, M., Mariscal, M. P., Huber, S., Weidmann, S., Bottazzi, P., & Rist, S. (2015a). Farm resilience in organic and nonorganic cocoa farming systems in alto Beni, Bolivia. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 39(7), 798–823.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Jacobi, J., Schneider, M., Bottazzi, P., Pillco, M., Calizaya, P., & Rist, S. (2015b). Agroecosystem resilience and farmers’ perceptions of climate change impacts on cocoa farms in alto Beni, Bolivia. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 30(2), 170–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Jawtusch, J., Schader, C., Stolze, M., Baumgart, L., & Niggli, U. (2013). Sustainability Monitoring and Assessment Routine: Results from pilot applications of the FAO SAFA Guidelines. In Symposium International sur L’Agriculture Biologique Méditerranénne et Les Signes Distinctifs de Qualité liée à l’Origine, 2–4 Décembre 2013, Agadir, Morocco. http://orgprints.org/29547/. Accessed 22 Jan 2016.
  56. Juhola, S., & Westerhoff, L. (2011). Challenges of adaptation to climate change across multiple scales: A case study of network governance in two European countries. Environmental Science & Policy, 14(3), 239–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Jurgilevich, A., Birge, T., Kentala-Lehtonen, J., Korhonen-Kurki, K., Pietikäinen, J., Saikku, L., & Schösler, H. (2016). Transition towards circular economy in the food system. Sustainability, 8, 69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Kabubo-Mariara, J. (2007). Land conservation and tenure security in Kenya: Boserup’s hypothesis revisited. Ecological Economics, 64(1), 25–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Kay, C. (2009). Development strategies and rural development: Exploring synergies, eradicating poverty. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 36(1), 103–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Koohafkan, P., Altieri, M. A., & Gimenez, E. H. (2012). Green agriculture: Foundations for biodiverse, resilient and productive agricultural systems. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 10(1), 61–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Korhonen-Kurki, K., Sehring, J., Brockhaus, M., & Gregorio, M. D. (2014). Enabling factors for establishing REDD+ in a context of weak governance. Climate Policy, 14(2), 167–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Landert, J., Schader, C., Moschitz, H., Stolze, M., (2017). A holistic sustainability assessment method for urban food system governance. Sustainability, 9, 490.Google Scholar
  63. Lang, T., & Barling, D. (2012). Food security and food sustainability: Reformulating the debate. The Geographical Journal, 178(4), 313–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Larson, A. M., & Petkova, E. (2011). An introduction to forest governance, people and REDD+ in Latin America: Obstacles and opportunities. Forests, 2(1), 86–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Lamine, C., Renting, H., Rossi, A., Wiskerke, J. S. C., & Brunori, G. (2012). Agri-food systems and territorial development: Innovations, new dynamics and changing governance mechanisms. Farming systems research into the 21st century: The new dynamic. I. Darnhofer, D. Gibbon and B. Dedieu. Dordrecht, springer Netherlands: 229-256.Google Scholar
  66. Lebel, L., Anderies, J., Campbell, B., Folke, C., Hatfield-Dodds, S., Hughes, T., & Wilson, J. (2006). Governance and the capacity to manage resilience in regional social-ecological systems. Ecology and Society http://digitalcommons.library.umaine.edu/sms_facpub/52.
  67. Leith, P., Jacobs, B., Brown, P. R., & Nelson, R. (2012). A participatory assessment of NRM capacity to inform policy and practice: Cross-scale evaluation of enabling and constraining factors. Society & Natural Resources, 25(8), 775–793.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Lesnikowski, A. C., Ford, J. D., Berrang-Ford, L., Barrera, M., Berry, P., Henderson, J., & Heymann, S. J. (2013). National-level factors affecting planned, public adaptation to health impacts of climate change. Global Environmental Change, 23(5), 1153–1163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Linstone, H. A., & Turoff, M. (Eds.). (1975). The Delphi method: Techniques and applications. Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  70. Liverman, D., & Kapadia, K. (2012). Chapter 1 food systems and the global environment: An overview. In J. Ingram, P. J. Ericksen, & D. Liverman (Eds.), Food Security and Global Environmental Change. 3-24: New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  71. MacRae, R. (1999). Not just what, but how: Creating agricultural sustainability and food security by changing Canada’s agricultural policy making process. Agriculture and Human Values, 16(2), 187–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Makhura, M. T. (1998). The development of food security policy for South Africa (SAFSP): A consultative process. Food Policy, 23(6), 571–585.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Mandemaker, M., Bakker, M., & Stoorvogel, J. (2011). The role of governance in agricultural expansion and intensification: A global study of arable agriculture. Ecology and Society, 6(12), 8.Google Scholar
  74. Maye, D., & Kirwan, J. (2013). Food security: A fractured consensus. Journal of Rural Studies, 29, 1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Miller, C., & Erickson, P. (2006). The politics of bridging scales and epistemologies: Science and democracy in global environmental governance. In W. V. Reid, T. J. Wilbanks, D. Capistrano, & F. Berkes (Eds.), Bridging scales and knowledge systems: Concepts and applications in ecosystem assessment. Washington, DC: Island Press.Google Scholar
  76. Miller, T., Baird, T., Littlefield, C., Kofinas, G. F., Chapin, I. I. I., & Redman, C. (2008). Epistemological pluralism: Reorganizing interdisciplinary research. Ecology and Society, 13(2), 46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Minde, I. J., Jayne, T., Crawford, E., Ariga, J., & Jones, G. (2008). Promoting fertilizer use in Africa: current issues and empirical evidence from Malawi, Zambia, and Kenya. (no. 54501). Michigan: Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, food, and resource economics.Google Scholar
  78. Moragues-Faus, A., Sonnino, R., & Marsden, T. (2017). Exploring European food system vulnerabilities: Towards integrated food security governance. Environmental Science & Policy, 75, 184–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Newell, B., Crumley, C. L., Hassan, N., Lambin, E. F., Pahl-Wostl, C., Underdal, A., & Wasson, R. (2005). A conceptual template for integrative human–environment research. Global Environmental Change, 15(4), 299–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Osbahr, H., Twyman, C., Neil Adger, W., & Thomas, D. S. G. (2008). Effective livelihood adaptation to climate change disturbance: Scale dimensions of practice in Mozambique. Geoforum, 39(6), 1951–1964.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Osbahr, H., Twyman, C., Adger, W. N., & Thomas, D. S. G. (2010). Evaluating successful livelihood adaptation to climate variability and change in southern Africa. Ecology and Society, 15(2), 27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Paillard, S., Treyer, S., & Dorin, B. (2011). Agrimonde – Scenarios and challenges for feeding the world. Editions Quae. http://www.springer.com/us/book/9789401787444. Accessed 10 Oct 2015.
  83. Pesqueira, L., & Glasbergen, P. (2013). Playing the politics of scale: Oxfam’s intervention in the roundtable on sustainable palm oil. Geoforum, 45, 296–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Poteete, A. R., & Ostrom, E. (2004). Heterogeneity, group size and collective action: The role of institutions in forest management. Development and Change, 35(3), 435–461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Purdon, M. (2014). The Comparative Turn in Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security Governance Research (no. 92). Copenhagen, Denmark: CGIAR research Programme on climate change agriculture and food security (CCAFS). https://ccafs.cgiar.org/publications/comparative-turn-climate-change-adaptation-and-food-security-governance-research#.Via1BivsQxI. Accessed 20 Oct 2015.
  86. Purdon, M. (2015). Advancing comparative climate change politics: Theory and method. Global Environmental Politics, 15(3), 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Quinn, C. H., Ziervogel, G., Taylor, A., Takama, T., & Thomalla, F. (2011). Coping with multiple stresses in rural South Africa. Ecology and Society, 16(3), 2.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Rastoin, J.-L., & Ghersi, G. (2010). Le système alimentaire mondial: Concepts et méthodes, analyses et dynamiques. Paris: Quae.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Rhodes, R. A. W. (1997). Understanding governance. Policy networks, governance, reflexibility and accountability. Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  90. Roberts, S. M., Jones, J. P., & Frohling, O. (2005). NGOs and the globalization of managerialism: A research framework. World Development, 33(11), 1845–1864.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Schouten, G., Leroy, P., & Glasbergen, P. (2012). On the deliberative capacity of private multi-stakeholder governance: The roundtables on responsible soy and sustainable palm oil. Ecological Economics, 83, 42–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Sietz, D., Boschütz, M., & Klein, R. J. (2011). Mainstreaming climate adaptation into development assistance: Rationale, institutional barriers and opportunities in Mozambique. Environmental Science & Policy, 14(4), 493–502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Spielman, D. J., Cohen, M. J., & Mogues, T. (2008). Mobilizing rural institutions for sustainable livelihoods and equitable development: A case study of local governance and smallholder cooperatives in Ethiopia. Washington DC: International Food Policy Research Institute.Google Scholar
  94. Steinberg, P. F. (2015). Can we generalize from case studies? Global Environmental Politics, 15(3), 152–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Stiglitz, J., Lin, J., Monga, C., & Patel, E. (2013). Industrial policy in the African context (no. WPS6633). The World Bank, Washington DC.Google Scholar
  96. Termeer, C. J. A. M., Dewulf, A., Breeman, G., & Stiller, S. J. (2013). Governance capabilities for dealing wisely with wicked problems. Administration & Society, 47(6), 680–710.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Termeer, C. J. A. M., Dewulf, A., & van Lieshout, M. (2010). Disentangling scale approaches in governance research: Comparing monocentric, multilevel, and adaptive governance. Ecology and Society, 15(4), 29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Vermeulen, S. J., Campbell, B. M., & Ingram, J. S. I. (2012). Climate change and food systems. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 37(1), 195–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. van Bers, C., Pahl-Wostl, C., Ericksen, P.J., Lenaerts, L., Förch, W., Korhonen-Kurki, K., Methner, N., Jones, L., Vasileiou, I., & Ericksen, S. (2016). Transformations in governance towards resilient food systems, CCAFS working paper (no. 190). Copenhagen, Denmark.Google Scholar
  100. von Braun, J. (2009). Addressing the food crisis: Governance, market functioning, and investment in public goods. Food Security, 1(1), 9–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. von Geibler, J. (2013). Market-based governance for sustainability in value chains: Conditions for successful standard setting in the palm oil sector. Journal of Cleaner Production, 56, 39–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Wahlqvist, M. L., McKay, J., Chang, Y.-C., & Chiu, Y.-W. (2012). Rethinking the food security debate in Asia: Some missing ecological and health dimensions and solutions. Food Security, 4(4), 657–670.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Wambugu, S. W., Chomba, S. W., & Atela, J. (2015). Institutional arrangements for climate-smart landscapes. In P. A. Minang, M. Van Noordwijk, O. E. Freeman, C. Mbow, J. De Leeuw, and D. Catacutan, editors. Climate-Smart Landscapes: Multifunctionality in Practice. Nairobi: World agroforestry Centre (ICRAF).Google Scholar
  104. Wilder, M., Scott, C. A., Pablos, N. P., Varady, R. G., Garfin, G. M., & McEvoy, J. (2010). Adapting across boundaries: Climate change, social learning, and resilience in the US–Mexico border region. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 100(4), 917–928.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Zanella, M. A., Rahmanian, M., Perch, L. N., Callenius, C., Rubio, J. L., Vuningoma, F., et al. (2015). Discussion: Food security and sustainable food systems: The role of soil. International Soil and Water Conservation Research, 3(2), 154–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature and International Society for Plant Pathology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aogán Delaney
    • 1
  • Tom Evans
    • 2
  • John McGreevy
    • 3
  • Jordan Blekking
    • 2
  • Tyler Schlachter
    • 2
  • Kaisa Korhonen-Kurki
    • 4
    • 5
  • Peter A. Tamás
    • 6
  • Todd A. Crane
    • 7
  • Hallie Eakin
    • 8
  • Wiebke Förch
    • 9
  • Lindsey Jones
    • 10
  • Donald R. Nelson
    • 3
  • Christoph Oberlack
    • 11
    • 12
  • Mark Purdon
    • 13
  • Stephan Rist
    • 11
    • 12
  1. 1.Independent Consultant ResearcherLuxembourg CityLuxembourg
  2. 2.Department of GeographyIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA
  3. 3.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA
  4. 4.Helsinki University Centre for Environment, HENVIHelsinkiFinland
  5. 5.Center for International Forestry Research, CIFORBogorIndonesia
  6. 6.Research Methodology Chair GroupWageningen UniversityWageningenthe Netherlands
  7. 7.International Livestock Research InstituteNairobiKenya
  8. 8.School of SustainabilityArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  9. 9.CGIAR Research Program on Climate ChangeAgriculture and Food SecurityNairobiKenya
  10. 10.Overseas Development InstituteLondonUK
  11. 11.Centre for Development and EnvironmentUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland
  12. 12.Institute of GeographyUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland
  13. 13.Département de science politiqueUniversité de MontréalMontrealCanada

Personalised recommendations