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Fisheries Science

, Volume 84, Issue 2, pp 149–152 | Cite as

Introduction: the coastal ecosystem complex as a unit of structure and function of biological productivity in coastal areas

  • Yoshiro Watanabe
  • Tomohiko Kawamura
  • Yoh Yamashita
Special Feature: Foreword Coastal Ecosystem Complex (CEC)

Abstract

Coastal seas are composed of relatively independent ecosystems, such as estuaries, rocky shores, mangroves, and coral reefs. Such individual ecosystems (IEs) are linked closely to each other by the dispersal and circulation of nutrients and organic matter and the movement of organisms, and form a coastal ecosystem complex (CEC). The CEC is understood as a unit of structure and function of coastal seas. It is characterized by a high degree of species diversity and it plays a large role in fishery and aquaculture production, as it provides important marine services for humans. This special volume compiles recent ecological studies of target species and IEs, to facilitate the conservation of coastal seas and the sustainability and production of their fisheries and aquaculture based on our understanding of the structure and function of the CEC in these environments.

Keywords

Coastal sea Individual ecosystem Ecosystem complex Conservation 

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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshiro Watanabe
    • 1
  • Tomohiko Kawamura
    • 1
  • Yoh Yamashita
    • 2
  1. 1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research InstituteUniversity of TokyoKashiwaJapan
  2. 2.Field Science Education and Research Center (FSERC), Graduate School of AgricultureKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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