Association between the planktonic larval and benthic stages of Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum in eastern Hokkaido, Japan

  • Natsuki Hasegawa
  • Hiroya Abe
  • Toshihiro Onitsuka
  • Sayaka Ito
Special Feature: Original Article Coastal Ecosystem Complex (CEC)

Abstract

The association between planktonic larval and benthic stages of Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum and factors determining successful recruitment were studied in Akkeshi-ko estuary and Akkeshi Bay, Hokkaido, northern Japan. The field study showed that planktonic larvae were localized mainly in the bay after dispersal from the estuary and recruitment to the estuarine fishing grounds was not always successful. A numerical analysis suggested that estuarine circulation transported tracers, used to simulate planktonic larva, from the estuary to the bay but the number of returning tracers varied depending on the river discharge and wind direction. The planktonic larvae were affected by unsuitable conditions for survival in the estuary, such as high turbidity. We conclude that most larvae develop within the bay, where conditions are more saline and less turbid, and that although return to the estuary is essential for recruitment, it is not necessarily related to the abundance of larvae.

Keywords

Benthic juvenile Coastal ecosystem complex Estuarine circulation Planktonic larvae Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Y. Fuchigami and Seibutsuseitai-kennkyuusya Ltd. for identifying the bivalves. Additionally, we thank T. Taniuchi, E. Negishi, and M. Suzuki of the Akkeshi Fisheries Cooperative Association and Akkeshi Marine Station, Hokkaido University for assistance with field research. We thank the anonymous reviewers and Dr. R. Masuda for improving our manuscript. This study was supported by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forest, and Fisheries and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology of Japan.

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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natsuki Hasegawa
    • 1
  • Hiroya Abe
    • 2
  • Toshihiro Onitsuka
    • 3
  • Sayaka Ito
    • 3
  1. 1.National Research Institute of Aquaculture, Japan Fisheries Research AgencyMinami-IseJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Environmental ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  3. 3.Fisheries Research Agency, Hokkaido National Fisheries Research InstituteKushiroJapan

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