Ionic liquid-based transmission electron microscopy for herpes simplex virus type 1

  • Tetsuya Tsuda
  • Koshi Kawakami
  • Eiko Mochizuki
  • Susumu Kuwabata
Letter to the Editor


Ionic liquid Transmission electron microscopy Biological specimens Kamlet-Taft parameters Herpes simplex virus type 1 



We thank Professor Yasuo Suda and Professor Masahiro Wakao (Kagoshima University, Japan) for their support in this research.

Compliance with ethical standards


This research was supported by Core Research for Evolution Science and Technology (CREST) from Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) and from Senri Life Science Foundation in Japan.

Conflict of interest

Tetsuya Tsuda declares that he has no conflict of interest. Koshi Kawakami declares that he has no conflict of interest. Eiko Mochizuki declares that he has no conflict of interest. Susumu Kuwabata declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the author.


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Copyright information

© International Union for Pure and Applied Biophysics (IUPAB) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of EngineeringOsaka UniversityOsakaJapan

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