Table 8 Full results for the fertility gap: OLS estimations

From: Husband, sons and the fertility gap: evidence from India

Dependent variable: fertility gap NFHS 3 NFHS 4
Son preference  − 0.0604  − 0.0658***
(0.0425) (0.0252)
Proportion of daughters  − 0.0045***  − 0.0049***
(0.0009) (0.0006)
First child male 0.2177*** 0.2977***
(0.0423) (0.0274)
Second child male 0.2016*** 0.2374***
(0.0399) (0.0261)
Husband son Preference  − 0.1153***  − 0.0334
(0.0416) (0.0248)
Husband ideal number of children 0.5286*** 0.4664***
(0.0235) (0.0129)
Difference in son preference  − 0.0128  − 0.0684***
(0.0397) (0.0239)
Difference in ideal no of children  − 0.7408***  − 0.7138***
(0.0192) (0.0106)
Never used contraception  − 0.1351***  − 0.0817***
(0.0449) (0.0246)
Woman: education (yrs) 0.0403*** 0.0282***
(0.0047) (0.0030)
Woman: employed 0.0105 0.0233
(0.0335) (0.0223)
Woman: media exposure 0.0023*** 0.0028***
(0.0006) (0.0005)
Woman: age (yrs)  − 0.0549***  − 0.0307***
(0.0099) (0.0059)
Woman: age at first birth (yrs) 0.0735*** 0.0449***
(0.0072) (0.0042)
Woman: married (yrs) 0.0085  − 0.0011
(0.0074) (0.0041)
Husband: age (yrs) 0.0162*** 0.0074**
(0.0054) (0.0032)
Husband: education (yrs) 0.0030 0.0064***
(0.0026) (0.0019)
Husband: employed  − 0.1034 0.0768
(0.1028) (0.0536)
Social group  − 0.0660* 0.0164
(0.0393) (0.0226)
Hindu 0.4242*** 0.2588***
(0.0424) (0.0279)
Household size  − 0.1914***  − 0.1879***
(0.0065) (0.0046)
Economic status 0.2461*** 0.3195***
(0.0457) (0.0269)
Region: North  − 0.2574***  − 0.0384
(0.0555) (0.0270)
Region: South 0.1394** 0.2445***
(0.0555) (0.0333)
Rural 0.1496*** 0.0666***
(0.0371) (0.0243)
Observations 5,303 10,506
R squared 0.4083 0.4381
  1. Notes: The fertility gap is defined as the difference between the ideal and actual number of children. Full set of results corresponding to specification reported in Panel B in Table 4. Coefficients estimated using OLS regressions. Regressions includes constant term. Standard errors in parentheses *** p < 0.01, ** p < 0.05, * p < 0.1