Effects of Neodymium and Calcium on the Thermal Stability of AZ71 Magnesium Alloys
The effects of an addition of 0–2 wt% Nd on thermal stability of 0–3 wt% Ca-containing modified AZ71 magnesium alloys was investigated. The ignition temperature was found to increase from that of AZ71, 574, to 825 °C with the addition of 0.5 wt% Ca and 1 wt% Nd. The ignition temperature was further increased to 1114 °C when 3 wt% Ca was added. The Ca- and Nd-added AZ71 was isothermally maintained at a temperature of 500 °C in air for 12 h. The MgO–CaO–Nd2O3 formed on the surface to improve the thermal stability of the AZ71–xCa–yNd alloys. While both the tensile strength and ductility decreased with the Ca concentration in the alloy, an addition of 1 wt% Nd was found able to alleviate the degradation effects of Ca on the tensile strength and ductility at 170 °C. Both solid solution formation and precipitation strengthening contributed to the increase in toughness. AZ71 containing 0.5–2 wt% Ca and 1 wt% Nd provides the optimum combination of ignition resistance and mechanical properties.
KeywordsAlloys Intermetallics Casting Mechanical properties Oxidation Auger electron spectroscopy (AES)
This work was partly supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan under research Grant No. MOST 103-2221-E-027-009 and Foxconn Technology Group.
- 2.B. Gwynne, P. Lyon, in Triennial International Aircraft Fire and Cabin Safety Research Conference (2007)Google Scholar
- 3.M.M. Avedesian, H. Baker, ASM Specialty Handbook—Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys (ASM, Metals Park, 1999)Google Scholar
- 17.J.E. Hillis, The international program to identify alternatives to SF6 for Magnesium melt protection. The International Conference on SF6 and the Environment. Sand Diego, CA, 22 Nov (2002)Google Scholar
- 26.H.H. Liebermann (ed.), Rapidly Solidified Alloys: Processes, Structures, Properties, Applications (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1993)Google Scholar
- 27.G.L. Song (ed.), Corrosion Prevention of Magnesium Alloys (Woodhead, Cambridge, 2013)Google Scholar
- 28.N.B. Pilling, R.E. Bedworth, J. Inst. Metals 29, 529 (1923)Google Scholar