Effect of Heat Treatments on Microstructures and Tensile Properties of Cu–3 wt%Ag–0.5 wt%Zr Alloy
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The microstructures and tensile properties of Cu–3 wt%Ag–0.5 wt%Zr alloy sheets under different aging treatments are investigated in this research. As one kind of precipitate, Ag nanoparticles with coherent orientation relationship with matrix precipitate. However, after the peak-age point, most of Ag nanoparticles grow into short rod shape with the interface translating to semi-coherent, which leads to the lower strength of over-aging sample. The yield strength is estimated by considering solid solute, grain boundary and precipitation strengthening mechanisms. The result shows that the Ag precipitates provide the main strengthening role. Then a constitutive equation representing the evolution of dislocation density with plastic strain is built by considering work-hardening behavior coming from shearable and non-shearable precipitates which is mainly the particles containing Zr. The flow stress contributed by shearable particle hardening is higher than that of non-shearable one. Due to the coarsening of grain boundary precipitates and low rate of damage accumulation of these non-shearable particles, the micro-cracks nucleate easily at grain boundary which leads to intergranular fracture.
KeywordsAlloy Aging Precipitation Tensile test Plastic
This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.51575129) and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2017T100238).