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Table 3 Theory development across studies

From: What are the main barriers to smart energy information systems diffusion?

Theoretical sampling Key categories Emerging substantive theory
A qualitative analysis of 7 interviews on SEIS. The interviewees were from two strategy and IT companies focusing on energy. Duration of the interviews: 30 min Two categories of barriers to SEIS diffusion:
1. Financial costs
2. IT issues
Theory iteration 1:
1. Legal barriers
2. IT follows strategy → No technical barriers
3. Freerider issue
4. No existing business cases that show the full potential of SEIS
A qualitative analysis of 16 interviews about SEIS. The interviewees were from four strategy and IT consulting companies focusing on energy, two municipal suppliers, the telecommunications industry, and several energy-related companies. Duration of the interviews: 30 min Three categories of barriers to SEIS:
1. Adoption costs
2. Switching costs
3. Collective action dilemma
Theory iteration 2:
Main barriers to SEIS diffusion are
1. Financial costs
2. Managerial complexity
3. Transactional risks
4. Legal barriers
5. Switching costs
6. Collective action theory
7. Missing business case