Evolution of petroleum generation and expulsion of the oil-source rock in the north-western Say’un-Masilah Basin as inferred from 1D basin models of a single well (Al-Qarn-01)

Abstract

The Madbi Shale Formation is the main oil-source rock for conventional petroleum extraction in the east-central Say’un-Masilah Basin. This study explores the generation and expulsion potential of oil from the Madbi source rock system in a deep well location (Al-Qarn-01) in the north-western Say’un-Masilah Basin using geological and geochemical modelling. One-dimensional (1D) basin models were constructed to the estimate thermal regime in the basin and the evolution of oil cracking and expulsion from the organic-rich intervals in the Madbi Formation over the geological time. In the studied Al-Qarn-01 well, the organic-rich intervals in the Madbi Formation are thermally mature, ranging from peak- to late-mature oil window stages; thus, half or more of the kerogen was converted to oil at these maturity stages. The basin modelling results of the studied well (Al-Qarn-01) show that oil was generated and expelled from Madbi source rock intervals in two main phases according to the conversion ratio (TR %) of kerogen. The main conversion of kerogen to oil (TR = 10–50%) occurred between Late Cretaceous and Early Oligocene (80–33 Ma) periods, corresponding to the peak-oil window (0.70–1.00 Easy %Ro). Furthermore, significant amounts of oil were expelled from the source rock, which subsequently migrated into the overlying reservoir rocks in the Early Oligocene time during the initial Tertiary rifting. The late-mature oil window (1.00–1.10 Easy %Ro) commenced during this time, with TRs of 50–77%.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Petroleum Exploration and Production Authority (PEPA), Republic of Yemen, for providing the geochemical and geological data. The authors extend their sincere appreciation to the Researchers Supporting Project number (RSP-2020/92), King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Special acknowledgements to the Schlumberger for offering a 1D PetroMod software (available from its website).

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Correspondence to Mohammed Hail Hakimi.

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Hakimi, M.H., Alaug, A.S., Lashin, A.A. et al. Evolution of petroleum generation and expulsion of the oil-source rock in the north-western Say’un-Masilah Basin as inferred from 1D basin models of a single well (Al-Qarn-01). Arab J Geosci 13, 456 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-020-05460-1

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Keywords

  • Madbi Formation
  • Petroleum generation modelling
  • Al-Qarn-01 well
  • North-western Say’un-Masilah
  • Yemen