Heavy metals in mangrove sediments of the central Arabian Gulf shoreline, Saudi Arabia

  • Khaled Al-Kahtany
  • Abdelbaset El-Sorogy
  • Fahd Al-Kahtany
  • Mohamed Youssef
Original Paper
  • 45 Downloads

Abstract

To assess heavy metals in mangrove swamps of Sehat and Tarut coastal areas along the Arabian Gulf, 18 sediment samples were collected for Al, V, Cr, Mn, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb, Hg, Sr, As, Fe, Co, and Ni analysis. The results indicated that the distribution of some metals was largely controlled by anthropogenic inputs, while others were of terrigenous origin and most strongly associated with distribution of aluminum and total organic carbon in sediments. Mangrove sediments were extremely severe enriched with Sr (EF = 67.59) and very severe enriched with V, Hg, Cd, Cu, As (EF = 44.28, 37.45, 35.77, 25.97, and 11.53, respectively). Average values of Sr, V, Hg, Cd, Cu, Ni, As, and Cr were mostly higher than the ones recorded from the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aqaba, the Caspian Sea, the Arabian and Oman gulfs, coast of Tanzania, sediment quality guidelines, and the background shale and the earth crust. Landfilling due to coastal infrastructure development around mangrove forests, oil spills and petrochemical and desalination effluents from Al-Jubail industrial city to the north were the anthropogenic activities that further enhanced heavy metals in the studied mangrove sediments.

Keywords

Heavy metals Mangrove sediments Arabian Gulf Saudi Arabia 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to extend their sincere appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University for its funding this research group No. (RG-1438-060).

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khaled Al-Kahtany
    • 1
  • Abdelbaset El-Sorogy
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fahd Al-Kahtany
    • 3
  • Mohamed Youssef
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Geology and Geophysics Department, College of ScienceKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Geology Department, Faculty of ScienceZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt
  3. 3.Ministry of Energy and Industry and Mineral ResourcesRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.Geology Department, Faculty of ScienceSouth Valley UniversityQenaEgypt

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