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Assessment of raw clays from Maghnia (Algeria) for their use in the removal of Pb2+ and Zn2+ ions from industrial liquid wastes: a case study of wastewater treatment

Original Paper
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Abstract

Homogenized samples of raw clays resulting from two (2) different lots of natural clays from Maghnia (Algeria) have been assessed for their potential use in the removal of Pb2+ and Zn2+ ions from industrial liquid wastes (LW). Raw and acid-activated samples have been characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, FT-IR spectroscopy, electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and used as adsorbents for the removal of Pb2+ and Zn2+ ions from aqueous system using adsorption method under different conditions. The effect of factors including contact time, pH, and dosage on the adsorption properties of Pb2+ and Zn2+ ions onto clays was investigated at 25 °C. The obtained results revealed that the removal percentages of Pb2+ and Zn2+ ions, from both aqueous solution (AS) and LW, were varying between 90 and 98% for 40 min and optimal pH values ranged from 5 to 6 for Pb2+ and Zn2+ ions, respectively. The kinetics of both Pb2+ and Zn2+ ion adsorption fitted well with the pseudo-second-order model. Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin adsorption isotherms were used, and their constants were evaluated. The values of thermodynamic parameters, ΔH°, ΔS°, and ΔG° indicated that the adsorption of Pb2+ and Zn2+ ions was spontaneous and exothermic process in nature. The adsorption and desorption isotherms indicated that Pb2+ and Zn2+ adsorption to raw clays was reversible. The experimental results obtained showed that the raw clays from Maghnia (Algeria) had a great potential for removing Pb2+ and Zn2+ ions from industrial liquid wastes using adsorption method.

Keywords

Clay Pb2+ Zn2+ Wastewater treatment Kinetic Thermodynamic 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The samples of wastes examined in this study were kindly supplied by ENPEC and LRC-ONEDD. The authors are grateful to the ENPEC (Unité de Production des batteries à Oued Semmar, Alger) and LRC-ONEDD (Alger) for their helpful cooperation in the experimental tests.

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire d’Electrochimie-Corrosion, Métallurgie et Chimie MinéraleFaculté de Chimie-U.S.T.H.B.AlgerAlgeria

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