Set Pair Analysis in Earth and Environmental Sciences: Development, Challenges, and Future Prospects

Abstract

Set pair analysis (SPA) is a method to describe and deal with uncertainty in systems by using the connection number. It has been widely used in earth and environmental sciences and has become increasingly important in decision-making for environmental protection, risk evaluation, and disaster prediction. This paper reviewed the development of SPA with focus on its application in earth and environmental sciences. In addition, the challenges faced by SPA development in earth and environmental sciences were discussed. The development of SPA enriches and improves the ways of treating uncertainties in decision-making processes. However, there are still several theoretical problems to be solved. This review deepens our understanding into the application of SPA in earth and environmental sciences, promoting its wider development and application in these research fields.

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Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41761144059), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of CHD (300102299301 and 300102290717), the Fok Ying Tong Education Foundation (161098), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2016M590911, 2015M580804, 2017T100719 and 2016T90878), the Shaanxi Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2016BSHTDZZ03 and 2015BSHTDZZ09), and the Ten Thousand Talents Program (W03070125). The editor and anonymous reviewers are acknowledged for their useful comments. Professor Keqin Zhao, the founder of the SPA, is acknowledged for his training of the basic SPA concept.

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Su, F., Li, P., He, X. et al. Set Pair Analysis in Earth and Environmental Sciences: Development, Challenges, and Future Prospects. Expo Health (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12403-020-00368-3

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Keywords

  • Set pair analysis
  • Earth science
  • Environmental science
  • Water quality assessment
  • Decision-making