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Exposure and Health

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 61–75 | Cite as

Identifying Challenges in Assessing Risks of Exposures of Silver Nanoparticles

  • Jyoti ChawlaEmail author
  • Divya Singh
  • Baranidharan Sundaram
  • Arun Kumar
Review Paper

Abstract

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) find applications in many consumer products due to their unique properties. It is imperative to contend with the safety issues in respect of AgNPs during manufacturing, usage, and after disposal, as manufacturers as well as consumers are likely to be exposed to these particles. This review seeks to scrutinize the current challenges in obtaining input parameters for conducting risk assessment of exposure to Ag NPs and specifically focuses on exposures of humans to Ag NPs through oral ingestion of Ag NPs via edible parts of plants, water, soil ingestion, and fish, and through dermal uptake exposure pathways. The present status of toxicological studies of silver nanoparticles and challenges in assessing risks of exposure to silver nanoparticles has been discussed in detail. The limited and contradictory existing data imply that prudence must be exercised when potential exposures to silver nanoparticle emerge from different routes.

Keywords

Exposure Human health risk assessment Occurrence Silver nanoparticles Water pollution 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Manav Rachna International University, Faridabad (India) and Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (India) for providing financial support for this study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jyoti Chawla
    • 1
    Email author
  • Divya Singh
    • 2
  • Baranidharan Sundaram
    • 2
  • Arun Kumar
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryManav Rachna International UniversityFaridabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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