Exposure and Health

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 1–11 | Cite as

Effect of Arsenic and Manganese Exposure on Intellectual Function of Children in Arsenic Stress Area of Purbasthali, Burdwan, West Bengal

  • Soumya Bikash Ghosh
  • Deep Chakraborty
  • Naba Kumar MondalEmail author
Original Paper


Arsenic existing in the soil and ground water worldwide is known as a neurotoxic that affects the peripheral nervous system. The peripheral neuropathy caused by chronic or sub acute arsenic exposure by inhalation or oral route is well documented. However, the effects of arsenic, especially chronic low-level exposure, on the central nervous system have been rarely reported. The present result highlights the direct interference of arsenic in the cognitive level of the school of children. The arsenic level in drinking water ranges from 0.0507 to 0.084 ppm with mean, SD, and SE are 0.0506, ±0.0196, and 0.0018, respectively. Mean IQ level in the contaminated area varies between 76 and 120 and two-sample t test results show significance difference (p < 0.000) with control. The multiple regression analysis suggests strong negative regression coefficient (−308.2) of IQ with water borne arsenic (WAs). Almost similar negative regression coefficient (−6.513) is also recorded with memory power. Results also suggest the inconsistency with urine arsenic and drinking water arsenic. On the other hand, drinking water manganese level also demonstrates weak relation with IQ.


Arsenic Manganese School children Drinking water Multiple regression Intellectual function 



The authors are grateful to all villagers and school children for their unconditional help. They also express their sincere thanks to all the faculty of Environmental Science, The University of Burdwan, Burdwan, West Bengal, India.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Soumya Bikash Ghosh
    • 1
  • Deep Chakraborty
    • 1
  • Naba Kumar Mondal
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Environmental Chemistry Laboratory, Department of Environmental ScienceThe University of BurdwanBurdwanIndia

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