Advertisement

Water Quality, Exposure and Health

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 617–625 | Cite as

Application of Low-Cost Materials Coated with Silver Nanoparticle as Water Filter in Escherichia coli Removal

  • Sarva Mangala PraveenaEmail author
  • Ahmad Zaharin Aris
Review Paper

Abstract

The incorporation of silver nanoparticles into a range of low-cost materials as an antibacterial water filter treatment is a relatively new solution to drinking-water problems. This review discusses the use of potential low-cost materials (ceramic, polymeric, polyurethane, agricultural waste and fibre) by incorporating silver nanoparticles as an antibacterial water filter to remove Escherichia coli (E. coli). These low-cost materials have shown potential efficiency in the removal of E. coli, and the silver concentration in the effluent is below the permissible limits. Future perspectives and current knowledge gaps concerning low-cost materials incorporated with silver nanoparticles were also identified. The future perspectives (strengths and opportunities) of these low-cost materials include cost effectiveness, easy availability and consumption of minimal electricity. On the other hand, the knowledge gaps (threats and weaknesses) of these low-cost materials include the depletion of silver from the surface and the surface-coating technique. The potential risks to human health due to silver nanoparticles are still unclear and need more sensitive detection equipment and methods. Nevertheless, this review helps us determine the potential of low-cost materials incorporated with silver nanoparticles to treat microbial-contaminated drinking water, especially in developing and poor countries.

Keywords

Silver nanoparticles Low-cost materials Water quality Escherichia coli Human health 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is funded by Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (Vot number 5524280), Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia.

References

  1. Abbott-Chalew TE, Ajmani GS, Huang H, Schwab KJ (2013) Evaluating nanoparticle breakthrough during drinking water treatment. Environ Health Perspect 121:1161–1166Google Scholar
  2. Bielefeldt AR, Kowalski K, Summers RS (2009) Bacterial treatment effectiveness of point-of-use ceramic water filters. Water Res 43:3559–3565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bottino A, Capannelli C, Del-Borghi A, Colombino M, Conio O (2001) Water treatment for drinking purpose: ceramic microfiltration application. Desalination 141:75–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brame J, Li Q, Alvarez PJJ (2011) Nanotechnology-enabled water treatment and reuse: emerging opportunities and challenges for developing countries. Trends Food Sci Technol 22:618–624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brown JM (2007) Effectiveness of ceramic filtration for drinking water treatment in Cambodia. PhD Dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel HillGoogle Scholar
  6. Bykkam S, Ahmadipour M, Narisngam S, Kalagadda VR, Chidurala SC (2015) Extensive studies on X-Ray diffraction of green synthesized silver nanoparticles. Adv Nanoparticles 4:1–10Google Scholar
  7. Ceramics Manufacturing Working Group (2011) Best practice recommendations for local manufacturing of ceramic pot filters for household water treatment. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, AtlantaGoogle Scholar
  8. Chen SX, Liu JR, Zeng HM (2005) Structure and antibacterial activity of silver-supporting activated carbon fibers. J Mater Sci 40:6223–6231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chou WL, Yu DG, Yang MC (2005) The preparation and characterization of silver-loading cellulose acetate hollow fibre membrane for water treatment. Polym Adv Technol 16:600–607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Clasen TF, Haller L, Walker D, Bartram J, Cairncross S (2007) Cost-effectiveness of water quality interventions for preventing diarrhoeal disease in developing countries. J Water Health 5:599–608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Curtis L, Nicol O, Jacquelyn S, Ian N (2010) The segregation of silver nanoparticles in low-cost ceramic water filters. Mater Charact 61:408–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dankovich TA, Gray DG (2011) Bactericidal paper impregnated with silver nanoparticles for point-of-use water treatment. Environ Sci Technol 45:1992–1998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Diagne F, Malaisamy R, Boddie V, Holbrook D, Eribo B, Jones KL (2012) Polyelectrolyte and silver nanoparticle modification of microfiltration membranes to mitigate organic and bacterial fouling. Environ Sci Technol 46:4025–4033CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dror-Ehre A, Adin A, Mamane H (2012) Control of membrane biofouling by silver nanoparticles using Pseudomonas aeruginosa as a model bacterium. Desalin Water Treat 48:130–137Google Scholar
  15. Durán N, Marcato PD, Conti RD, Alves OL, Costa FTM, Brocchi M (2010) Potential use of silver nanoparticles on pathogenic bacteria, their toxicity and possible mechanisms of action. J Braz Chem Soc 21(6):949–959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Fabrega J, Luoma SN, Tyler CR, Galloway TS, Lead JR (2011) Silver nanoparticles: behaviour and effects in the aquatic environment. Environ Int 37:517–531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Federal-Provincial-Territorial Committee on Drinking Water (2011) Guidelines for Canadian drinking water quality summary table. Summary table. Water, Air and Climate Change Bureau, Healthy Environments and Consumer Safety Branch, Health Canada, OttawaGoogle Scholar
  18. Feng QL, Wu J, Chen GQ, Cui FZ, Kim TN, Kim JO (2000) A mechanistic study of the antibacterial effect of silver ions on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. J Biomed Mater Res 52:662–668CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Fewtrell L (2014) Silver: water disinfection and toxicity. Aberystwyth University, AberystwythGoogle Scholar
  20. Food and Agriculture Organization (2004) The rice crisis: markets, policies and food security. Earthscan Publication, The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsGoogle Scholar
  21. Gerloff K, Fenoglio I, Carella E, Kolling J, Albrecht C, Boots AW, Förster I, Schins RP (2012) Distinctive toxicity of TiO2 rutile/anatase mixed phase nanoparticles on Caco-2 cells. Chem Res Toxicol 25:646–655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Guo KW (2011) Membranes coupled with nanotechnology for daily drinking water: an overview. J Pet Biotechnol 2:112–133Google Scholar
  23. He D, Ikeda-Ohno A, Boland DD, Waite TD (2014) Synthesis and characterization of antibacterial silver nanoparticle-impregnated rice husks and rice husk ash. Environ Sci Technol 47:5276–5284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Heidarpour F, Ghani WAWK, Fakhru’l-Razi A, Sobri A, Heydarpour V, Zargar M, Mozafari MR (2011) Complete removal of pathogenic bacteria from drinking water using nano silver-coated cylindrical polypropylene filters. Clean Technol Environ Policy 13:499–507CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ho W, Sirkar KK (1991) Membrane handbook. Kluwer Academic Publishers, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  26. Jain P, Pradeep T (2005) Potential of silver nanoparticle-coated polyurethane foam as an antibacterial water filter. Biotechnol Bioeng 90:59–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kallman EN, Oyanedel-Craver VA, Smith JA (2011) Ceramic filters impregnated with silver nanoparticles for point-of-use water treatment in rural Guatemala. J Environ Eng 137:407–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kim J, Van der Bruggen B (2010) The use of nanoparticles in polymeric and ceramic membrane structures: review of manufacturing procedures and performance improvement for water treatment. Environ Pollut 158:2335–2349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kong F, Fu YF (2012) Biomolecule immobilization techniques for bioactive paper fabrication. Anal Bioanal Chem 403(1):7–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kumar A, Vemula PK, Ajayan PM, John G (2008) Silver-nanoparticle-embedded antimicrobial paints based on vegetable oil. Nat Mater 7:236–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lim AP, Aris AZ (2013) A review on economically adsorbents on heavy metals removal in water and wastewater. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol 13:163–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lufrano F, Squadrito G, Patti A, Passalacqua E (2000) Sulfonated polysulfone as promising membranes for polymer electrolyte fuel cells. J Appl Polym Sci 77:1250–1257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Marambio-Jones C, Hoek EMV (2010) A review of the antibacterial effects of silver nanomaterials and potential implications for human health and the environment. J Nanopart Res 12:1531–1551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Martins NCT, Freire CSR, Pinto RJB, Fernandes SCM, Neto CP, Silvestre AJD, Causio J, Baldi G, Sadocco P, Trindade T (2012) Electrostatic assembly of Ag nanoparticles onto nanofibrillated cellulose for antibacterial paper products. Cellulose 19:1425–1436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ng LY, Muhammad AW, Leo CP, Hilal N (2010) Polymeric membranes incorporated with metal/metal oxide nanoparticles. Desalination 308:15–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Oya A, Yoshida S, Abe Y, Lizuka T, Makiyama N (1993) Antibacterial activated carbon fiber derived from phenolic resin containing silver nitrate. Carbon 31:71–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Oyanedel-Craver V, Smith JA (2008) Sustainable colloidal-silver-impregnated ceramic filter for point-of-use water treatment. Environ Sci Technol 42:927–933CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pape HL, Solano-Serena F, Contini P, Devillers C, Maftah A, Leprat P (2002) Evaluation of the anti-microbial properties of an activated carbon fibre supporting silver using a dynamic method. Carbon 40:2947–2954CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Park SJ, Jang YS (2003) Preparation and characterization of activated carbon fibers supported with silver metal for antibacterial behaviour. J Colloid Interface Sci 261:238–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Park EJ, Yi J, Kim Y, Choi K, Park K (2010) Silver nanoparticles induce cytotoxicity by a Trojan-horse type mechanism. Toxicol In Vitro 24:872–878Google Scholar
  41. Pecson BM, Martin LV, Kohn T (2009) Quantitative PCR for determining the infectivity of bacteriophage MS2 upon inactivation by heat, UV-B radiation, and singlet oxygen: advantages and limitations of an enzymatic treatment to reduce false-positive results. Appl Environ Microbiol 75(17):5544–5554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Phong NTP, Thanh NVK, Phoung PH (2009) Fabrication of antibacterial water filter by coating silver nanoparticles on flexible polyurethane foams. J Phys Conf Ser. doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/187/1/012079 Google Scholar
  43. Pinto RJB, Neves MC, Neto CP (2012) Composites of cellulose and metal nanoparticles. In: Nanocomposites—new trends and developments. In Tech, RijekaGoogle Scholar
  44. Pradeep T, Anshup S (2009) Noble metal nanoparticles for water purification: a critical review. Thin Solid Films 517:6441–6478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Praveena SM, Aris AZ (2009) A review of groundwater in islands using SWOT analysis. World Rev Sci Technol Sustain Dev 6:186–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Qu X, Alvarez PJJ, Li Q (2013) Applications of nanotechnology in water and wastewater treatment. Water Res 47:3931–3946CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Rai M, Yadav A, Gade A (2009) Silver nanoparticles as a new generation of antimicrobials. Biotechnol Adv 27:76–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Rayner J, Zhang H, Schubert J, Lennon P, Lantagne D, Oyanedel-Craver V (2013) Laboratory investigation into the effect of silver application on the bacterial removal efficacy of filter material for use on locally produced ceramic water filters for household drinking water treatment. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 1:738–745Google Scholar
  49. Ren D, Colosi LM, Smith JA (2013) Evaluating the sustainability of ceramic filters for point-of-use drinking water treatment. Environ Sci Technol 47:11206–11213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Sincero AP, Sincero GA (2003) Physical–chemical treatment of water and wastewater. IWA Publishing, LondonGoogle Scholar
  51. Su HL, Lin SH, Wei JC, Pao IC, Chiao SH, Huang CC, Lin SZ, Lin JJ (2011) Novel nanohybrids of silver particles on clay platelets for inhibiting silver-resistant bacteria. PLoS ONE 6:1–10Google Scholar
  52. Tang F, Zhang L, Zhang Z, Cheng Z, Zhu X (2009) Cellulose filter paper with antibacterial activity from surface-initiated ATRP. J Macromol Sci Pure Appl Chem 46:989–996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Taurozzia JS, Arul H, Bosak VZ, Burban AF, Voice TC, Bruening ML, Tarabara VV (2008) Effect of filler incorporation route on the properties of polysulfone–silver nanocomposite membranes of different porosities. J Membr Sci 325:58–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. United Nation (2004) Millennium development goals reports. UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs and the UN Department of Public InformationGoogle Scholar
  55. United States Environmental Protection Agency, USEPA (2011) Drinking water standards and health advisories. EPA 820-R-11-002. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  56. United States Environmental Protection Agency, USEPA (2013) Risk assessment for manufactured nanoparticles used in consumer products (RAMNUC). Environmental behavior, bioavailability and effects of manufactured nanomaterials—joint US–UK research programGoogle Scholar
  57. Vivekanandhan S, Christesen L, Misra M, Mohanty AK (2012) Green process for impregnation of silver nanoparticles into microcrystalline cellulose and their antimicrobial bionanocomposite films. J Biomater Nanobiotechnol 3:371–376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. WHO, UNICEF (2014) Progress on drinking-water and sanitation—2014 update. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  59. World Health Organization (2004) Guidelines for drinking-water quality. Recommendations, vol 1, 3rd edn. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  60. Yavuz CT, Mayo JT, Yu WW, Prakash A, Falkner JC, Yean S, Cong L, Shipley HJ, Kan A, Tomson M, Natelson D, Colvin VL (2006) Low-field magnetic separation of monodisperse Fe3O4 nanocrystals. Science 314:964–967CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Zhang R, Kang Y, Xie B (2015) Assembly and antibacterial activity of horizontally oriented silver nanoplates. J Appl Polym Sci. doi: 10.1002/app.42070 Google Scholar
  62. Zodrow K (2009) Polysulfone ultrafiltration membranes impregnated with silver nanoparticles show improved biofouling resistance and virus removal. Master’s Thesis, Rice University, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  63. Zodrow K, Brunet L, Mahendra S, Li Q, Alvarez P (2009) Polysulfone ultrafiltration membranes impregnated with silver nanoparticles improve biofouling resistance and virus removal. Water Res 43:715–723CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health SciencesUniversiti Putra Malaysia, UPMSerdangMalaysia
  2. 2.Environmental Forensics Research Centre, Faculty of Environmental StudiesUniversiti Putra Malaysia, UPMSerdangMalaysia

Personalised recommendations